Flashcards in Diet Fads and Pharmacy Implications Deck (18):
Are the two essential fatty acids saturated or unsaturated?
What is the ideal ration of Omega 6/3?
4:1 or 6:1
What are primary sources of Omega 6?
Corn, soy, canola, safflower, and sunflower oil.
What does Omega 6 get converted into and why is this important?
Omega 6 (linoleic acid) gets converted to arachadonic acid, which turns into prostaglandins.
Medium chain FAs cannot become arachadonic acid.
What are some sources of Omega 3?
Flaxseed, mackerel, lake trout, herring, salmon (fatty fish)
What are the three major types of Linolenic acid?
ALA, EPA, and DHA
What is the daily need of EPA?
What is the daily need of DHA?
2-4g/day + EPA
What is the key to the Omega-3 Fatty Acid Diet?
The key is to minimize the Omega 6.
What is the Mediterranean diet?
The Mediterranean Diet balances Omega 6 and 3 by minimizing red meat and emphasizing foods rich in Omega 3.
Monounsaturated fats dominate the diet.
What is the Sonoma Diet?
The Sonoma diet is a mix between the California diet and the Mediterranean Diet.
What are some benefits of low carbohydrate diets?
Decreases serum glucose initially
Decreases insulin levels
Glycogen is released form liver and muscle
Gluconeogenesis maintains a "normal glucose level"
What are disadvantages of low carbohydrate diets?
Low insulin leads to lipolysis, which leads to ketones
What is the glycemic index (G.I.)?
Glycemic Index measures the speed at which foods are broken down to form glucose. (High GI breaks down quickly)
What is Orlistat?
It inhibits the absorption of dietary fats.
However, since you are inhibiting fats, you inhibit the absorption of dietary vitamins. You must take a MVI.
What must you take with Orlistat?
A MVI at least 2 hours before or after taking Orlistat.
What is an ingredient that is sometimes used in OTC weight loss products that is a biopesticide?
Chitosan. People claim it can limit fat absorption, but there is evidence against that.