Flashcards in Osteoporosis Deck (12):
Risk Factors for Osteoporosis
Low body weight
Insufficient diet of Ca, P, and vitamin D
Alcohol > 2 drinks/day
Patient has had a fragility fracture in the past
Family history of hip fracture
All postmenopausal women need lifestyle modifications regardless of their BMD and risk factors.
What are diet changes to make to prevent osteoporosis?
Limit caffeine, alcohol, and sodium
Get Ca, Vitamin D, Vitamin K, Protein, and eat soy
Why is soy good for preventing osteoporosis?
It contains weak estrogenic properties.
Why is exercise helpful in preventing osteoporosis?
It decreases the risk of fracture by strengthening muscles, helping with balance, and improves coordination.
What is the recommended exercise to prevent osteoporosis?
Moderate intensity weight-bearing exercise for 30 minutes on most days.
Resistance activity twice weekly for 20-30 minutes
How does smoking increase the risk for osteoporosis?
It causes a decrease in sex hormones, calcium absorption, and directly affects osteoblasts
What does the 10-year hip fracture probability have to be in order for them to receive drug therapy?
What does the 10-year major osteoporosis-related fracture probability have to be for a patient to receive drug therapy?
What are the daily calcium requirements for Adolescent women, 19-50yo women, and all women > 50yo?
What are the daily calcium requirements of 19-50yo men and > 70yo men?