Osteoporosis Flashcards Preview

PPS 946 > Osteoporosis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Osteoporosis Deck (12):
1

Risk Factors for Osteoporosis

Age (59-90)
Sex
Immobile
Low body weight
Insufficient diet of Ca, P, and vitamin D
High-protein diet
Smoking
Alcohol > 2 drinks/day
Patient has had a fragility fracture in the past
Family history of hip fracture

2

True/False
All postmenopausal women need lifestyle modifications regardless of their BMD and risk factors.

True

3

What are diet changes to make to prevent osteoporosis?

Limit caffeine, alcohol, and sodium
Get Ca, Vitamin D, Vitamin K, Protein, and eat soy

4

Why is soy good for preventing osteoporosis?

It contains weak estrogenic properties.

5

Why is exercise helpful in preventing osteoporosis?

It decreases the risk of fracture by strengthening muscles, helping with balance, and improves coordination.

6

What is the recommended exercise to prevent osteoporosis?

Moderate intensity weight-bearing exercise for 30 minutes on most days.

Resistance activity twice weekly for 20-30 minutes

7

How does smoking increase the risk for osteoporosis?

It causes a decrease in sex hormones, calcium absorption, and directly affects osteoblasts

8

What does the 10-year hip fracture probability have to be in order for them to receive drug therapy?

≥3%

9

What does the 10-year major osteoporosis-related fracture probability have to be for a patient to receive drug therapy?

≥20%

10

What are the daily calcium requirements for Adolescent women, 19-50yo women, and all women > 50yo?

1300mg
1000mg
1200mg

11

What are the daily calcium requirements of 19-50yo men and > 70yo men?

1000mg
1200mg

12

What is the average calcium intake of adults age 50 and older?

600-700mg/day