Flashcards in Digestion of Carbohydrates Deck (14):
What is the least common saccharide in our diet?
Where is maltose formed?
From digestion of starches
What is amylose?
A straight chain starch
What is amylopectin?
A branched starch
What is dietary fiber?
Nondigestible polysaccharides found in the cell wall
What bonds found in dietary fiber are we unable to digest?
Is glycogen or amylopectin more branched?
What inactivates salivary amylase?
Where are the majority of carbohydrates absorbed?
In the microvilli of the small intestine (brush border)
What carbohydrates need active transport to be absorbed?
What carbohydrate uses facilitated diffusion to be absorbed?
How is glucose absorbed?
In the brush border of the SI by sodium-glucose cotransporter-1 (SGLT-1) (1 Na per glucose)
How are glucose, galactose and fructose absorbed into the basolateral membrane?