Secretions of Salivary Glands Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Secretions of Salivary Glands Deck (32):
1

What are the three lingual secretions and what secretes them?

1.) Lingual lipase: von Ebner's glands
2.) Lingual amylase: accessory salivary glands
3.) Mucin glycoproteins: accessory salivary glands

2

What is secreted to make swallowing easier?

Mucin glycoproteins

3

What does kallikrein cause?

Vasodilation to cause more secretion in the mouth

4

What innervates the parotid gland?

Sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions

5

What innervates the sublingual gland?

Parasympathetic fibers very little sympathetic

6

What innervates the submandibular gland?

Strictly parasympathetic (cranial VII and IX)

7

What are the properties of saliva?

Alkaline and hypotonic

8

What do ductile cells do?

Add and take away constituents of saliva to make it alkaline and hypotonic

9

What is the first step to make saliva alkaline?

Secretion of HCO3 via HCO3/Cl exchanger and gets rid of Cl in the cell via Cl channel

10

How is saliva made hypotonic?

Reabsorption of Na and excretion of H via NHE and Na/K ATPase to get Na out of the cell

11

What is the second step to make saliva alkaline?

Use the K that was brought into the cell via the Na/K ATPase to exchange for H in the saliva via H/K exchanger

12

What occurs as there is more salivary flow/production?

A decrease in hypotonicity and decrease in alkalinity

13

What is the cephalic phase of secretion?

Smell or thought of food causes vagus nerve to cause release of mucous, pepsin, HCl (GI tract preparing for food arrival)

14

What is the gastric phase?

When food is ingested stretch and chemoreceptors send vagovagal reflex

15

What is the intestinal phase?

Food in the small intestine cause release of hormones as a feedback mechanism to cause slower release of chyme

16

What is the central gastric phase?

Gastroenteric: stimulates motility and secretion along the entire small intestine
Gastroileal: triggers the opening of the ileocecal valve allowing passage from small intestine to colon

17

What do enterochromaffin-like cells release?

Histamine

18

What do D cells release?

Somatostatin

19

What do G cells release?

Gastrin

20

What does Somatostatin do?

Inhibits acid release

21

What does gastrin do?

Stimulates acid

22

What does histamine do?

Stimulates acid

23

What does Ach bind to cause acid secretion?

M3 (Ca secondary)

24

What does histamine bind to cause acid secretion?

H2 (cAMP secondary)

25

What does gastrin bind to cause acid formation?

CCK-B (Ca secondary)

26

How do Parietal cells create HCl?

1.) Carbonic anhydrase inside cells form H+ HCO3-
2.) Formed H+ is sent out of the cell and K+ is transported into the cell via H+/K+ ATPase
3.) Formed HCO3+ is transported out and Cl- is pumped in with Cl- bicarbonate exchanger
4.) K+ is pumped in and Na out via the K/Na ATPase
5.) Rectifier K+ channels pump both K+ and Cl- out

27

What affect does histamine have on parietal cells?

Stimulates them

28

What affect does gastrin have on parietal cells?

Stimulation

29

What affect does Somatostatin have on parietal cells and how?

Inhibits parietal cells directly, by inhibiting G cells, or by inhibiting ECL cells

30

What do D cells do?

Release Somatostatin

31

What do G cells do?

Release gastrin

32

What do ECL cells do?

Release histamine