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Flashcards in DIGESTIVE Deck (17)
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1

The alimentary canal consist of

the mouth, the pharynx, esophagus. stomach, small intestine,large intestine, rectum, and anus

2

The accessory organs of the digestive system include

liver, pancreas, & gallbladder

3

Function of the digestive system

ingestion, propulsion, mechanical breakdown, digestion, absorption, defecatioln

4

The enzyme that starts the digestion of carbohydrates

amylase

5

a ball of food

bolus

6

The digestive tract has four layers: innermost to outermost

mucous membrane
sub mucous layer
muscular layer
serous layer

7

Soupy substance after the mixing and breaking down in the stomach

chyme

8

The stomach

secretes HCL, chemically breakdown the food
store and regulate the movement of food

9

Digestion and absorption occur in the

small intestine

10

What organ contributes water to dilute the cyme and bicarbonate Ionas to neutralize the acid from the stomach

pancreas

11

The 3 regions of the small intestine

duodenum, jejenum, and ileum

12

What are absorbed directly into the blood

simple carbohydrates and amino acids

13

what is absorbed into the lymph by the lacteals

fat

14

All nutrients enter the ???? to be routed to the liver for decontamination

hepatic portal vein

15

small fingerlike projections that greatly increase the surface area of the intestinal wall are?

villi

16

Function of the large intestine

reabsorption of water and stores and eliminates undigested food

17

Five portions of the large intestine:

ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, the sigmoid colon, and the rectum