Diseases of the Skin Flashcards Preview

Medical Microbiology > Diseases of the Skin > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diseases of the Skin Deck (18):
1

Folliculitis

Inflammation of the hair follicles, often pruritic (itchy).

2

Causes of folliculitis

Staph, strep, pseudomonas. Mechanical occlusion, inflammatory response.

3

Treatment of folliculitis

Mupirocin

4

Abscess

Walled off space with pus, usually infected and typically painful. Mostly caused by staph aureus

5

Furuncle

Walled off abscess that evolved from a superficial folliculitis

6

Carbuncle

A group of coalesced furuncles.

7

What does a pointing abscess require?

Incision and drainage

8

Treatment of carbuncles?

Oral cephalexin and muprocin orally

9

MRSA

Treat with vancomycin

10

Impetigo appearance?

Honey crusted rash, caused by S. pyogenes or S. aureus. Often seeds at a previous defect in skin like a bug bite.

11

Bullous impetigo

Collarettes of scale around unroofed bullae

12

Cellulitis

Infection of dermis and subcutis, due to break in skin.

13

Cause of cellulitis

Staph aureus and GAS

14

Four signs of cellulitis

Rubor, tumor, calor, dolor

15

Erysipelas

Superficial bright red cellulitis with lymphatic involvement, usually caused by GAS.

16

Sandpaper rash?

Scarlet fever

17

Petichial rash and photophobia?

Meningitis

18

Rose spots?

Salmonella typhi (blanching bacules and papules on chest and abdomen)