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Flashcards in STDs Deck (23):
1

STDs and HIV

Having STDs, especially those with legions, increase the chance for getting an HIV

2

Syphilis

Caused by treponema pallidum. High risk in MSM, drug users. Caused by sexual transmission, can be spread through placenta.

3

Treponema virulence factors

Host cell fibronectin coats spirochetes to protect against phagocytosis.

4

Stages of syphilis

Primary, secondary, latent, late

5

Does T. pallidum grow in culture?

No, visualize on darkfield microscopy after scraping chancres, mucus patches, or condylomata lata

6

How to serologically test for T. pallidum?

RPR- uses cardiolipin Ag and charcoal to test for reagin Ab.

7

Prozone effect

Ab excess, from secondary syphilis, causes too much lattice formation. Can be seen in HIV positives.

8

Primary syphilis

Chancre, prototypical lesion. Painless, smooth ulcer with clean base. No exudates unless really severe. Painless lymphadenopathy. Heals on its own in 3-6 weeks.

9

What does treponema look like?

Spirochete.

10

How does 1 syphilis progress to secondary syphilis?

Spirochetes spread from chancre and enter the blood stream.

11

Cell type in chancre?

Plasma cell

12

Secondary syphilis

Florid stage, spirochetes are everywhere. Can have palm rash, sole rash.

13

Is syphilitic rash infectious?

No, unless there are mucous patches or chondylomata lata.

14

Latent syphilis

The period after infection when the patient is asymptomatic but has a reactive RSR.

15

When is an LP necessary?

HIV/AIDS with RPR>1:32 , anybody with neurologic changes. Treatment failure with IM PCN.

16

Late syphilis

Years to decades after infection, causes aortitis, CNS complications, gumma formation. Caused by parts of treponemes causing an inflammatory response.

17

Treat penicillin

Penicillin. Doxycycline in other stages, but penicillin in late disease.

18

Chlamydia trachomatic

Genital infection including lymphogranuloma venereum. Trachoma biotype causes other genital infections. Can cause salpingitis in women. Many cases are asymptomatic. Elemental/reticulate bodies.

19

Lymphogranuloma venereum

Causes tender lymphadenopathy and systemic symptoms.

20

How to test for chlamydia?

Nucleic acid amplification tests

21

Treat chlamydia?

Macrolide/ doxycycline, fluoroquinolones.

22

Thayer martin media

Chocolate with ABX

23

Chancroid caused by

Hemophilus ducreii