Flashcards in DNA Deck (16):
What are the complementary base pairs for DNA?
What shape is DNA?
A double helix
What does DNA do?
It carries the genetic code
What are the building blocks of DNA?
What is a nucleotide made up of?
A phosphate group
A (deoxyribose) sugar
A nitrogenous base
Where is DNA located?
In the nucleus
What is the site of protein synthesis?
The endoplasmic reticulum/ ribosomes
Name the 4 DNA bases
Name the 4 mRNA bases
What are the complementary base pairs for mRNA?
Why do we need mRNA?
To make a copy of the code and travel to the ribosomes as DNA is too big to get out of the nucleus
What is transcription?
When the code on the DNA is copied in the nucleus
What is translation?
The amino acids match up with the bases then form a chain of protein
What is a triplet of bases called?
Where does translation take place?
In the cytoplasm at the ribosome