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Flashcards in DNA Deck (16):
0

What are the complementary base pairs for DNA?

AT
GC

1

What shape is DNA?

A double helix

2

What does DNA do?

It carries the genetic code

3

What are the building blocks of DNA?

Nucleotides

4

What is a nucleotide made up of?

A phosphate group
A (deoxyribose) sugar
A nitrogenous base

5

Where is DNA located?

In the nucleus

6

What is the site of protein synthesis?

The endoplasmic reticulum/ ribosomes

7

Name the 4 DNA bases

Adenine
Thymine
Guanine
Cytosine

8

Name the 4 mRNA bases

Adenine
Uracil
Guanine
Cytosine

9

What are the complementary base pairs for mRNA?

AU
GC

10

Why do we need mRNA?

To make a copy of the code and travel to the ribosomes as DNA is too big to get out of the nucleus

11

What is transcription?

When the code on the DNA is copied in the nucleus

12

What is translation?

The amino acids match up with the bases then form a chain of protein

13

What is a triplet of bases called?

A codon

14

Where does translation take place?

In the cytoplasm at the ribosome

15

What does tRNA do?

It brings the matching amino acids with the other half of the code to the mRNA codons during translation