Genetic Engineering Flashcards Preview

Biology n5 > Genetic Engineering > Flashcards

Flashcards in Genetic Engineering Deck (11):
0

When can genetic information be transferred naturally?

During mitosis

1

What is a host cell?

A host cell is required for viruses to replicate

2

What is a bacterial plasmid

It is a small molecule of DNA that can be replicated independently

3

What is genetic engineering/modification?

When scientists artificially alter the genetic code of organisms

4

What are plasmids also called in genetic engineering?

Vectors

5

Describe step 1

Identify the section of DNA that contains the required gene

6

Describe step 2

Extract the required gene

7

Describe step 3

Insert the gene into a bacterial plasmid

8

Describe step 4

Insert the plasmid into a host cell

9

Describe step 5

Grow transformed cell to produce the required product

10

Give two example of GM produce

Insulin and human growth hormone
Tomatoes with a longer shelf life