E4: STOP SMOKING Flashcards Preview

Pharm Part II > E4: STOP SMOKING > Flashcards

Flashcards in E4: STOP SMOKING Deck (24):
1

Who develops a nicotine/anything addiction faster: girls or boys?

girls!

2

Girls who experience early ______ and move frequently are more likely to smoke, use marijuana and drink alcohol

puberty

3

____% of girls who drink coffee also smoke

23%

4

What are the 5 consequences to smoking?

LOL-HP 1.Lung Cancer 2.Oral Cancer 3.Lower Estrogen Levels 4.heart disease 5.Perio disease

5

Perio disease and smoking: what is the major cytokine at play here?

IL-6

6

599 additives are approved by the US Government in the manufacturing of cigarettes, but When BURNED, cigarette smoke contains over _____ chemicals

4000

7

Benzene - used in manufacturing gasoline; known cause of
acute myeloid ______

leukemia

8

Nicotine – addictive drug; Typical cigarette = __ or __ mg of nicotine....Cigar = ___ to ____ mg; some as high as ____ mg

Typical cigarette = 8 or 9 mg of nicotine....100 to 200...400 mg HOLY SHIT!

9

Smoking cigarettes that have a lower yield of ______ does not substantially reduce the risk for lung cancer

tar

10

Carcinogens in tobacco smoke damage ______ that control cell growth

genes

11

What is the MAJOR cause of ESOPHAGEAL cancer??

SMOKING yo!

12

POWERFUL: Reductions in the number of people who smoke cigarettes, pipes, cigars, and other tobacco products or use smokeless tobacco could prevent most of the estimated 30,200 new cases and 7,800 deaths from ______ and ________ cancers annually

oral cavity and pharynx cancers

13

After 1 year, how many quit smoking? 13% of ______ nicotine group!

highest!

14

Chochrine (well respected) review of e-cigs: using an EC containing nicotine _______ the chances of stopping smoking long-term

INCREASED

15

Chochrine (well respected) review of e-cigs: Using an EC with nicotine also helped more smokers reduce the amount they smoked by ______ compared to using an EC without nicotine.

AT LEAST HALF

16

___% of women who smoke want to quit...average number of quit attempts: 8-11

70%

17

________ = program to assist dental professionals with helping patients to quit smokig

Ask, Advise, Refer

18

Drugs used in cessation therapy: ________ Potent vasoconstrictor, know contraindications before prescribing, Most products are available OTC patients must completely _____ smoking prior to therapy

Nicotine...STOP

19

Make sure Pt does not have active Active _____ before recommending chewing gum nicotine.

TMD

20

All products are designed to decrease _______ for nicotine

CRAVINGS

21

________ (Zyban)...dopamine reuptake inhibitor, (antidepressant = Wellbutrin), treatment for __-___ weeks...risk for ______: avoid alcohol (lowers its risk)...risk of treatment emergent _________ with concurrent patch use (Always take BP before giving epinephrine)

buPROPion..7-12 weeks...seizures!... hypertension

22

What is the newest smoking cessation drug on the market? How does it work?

VARE-NIC-LINE...Occupies nicotine receptor sites in the brain

23

Oral side effects of the NEW smoking cessation drug: (2)

xerostomia, TASTE alteration

24

General Side effects of NEW smoking cessation drug: (2)

suicidal thoughts, adverse cardiac events