Flashcards in E5: DENTAL EMERGENCY DRUGS Deck (46):
What is the other name for Level 1 emergency drugs?
Basic Critical Drugs
What are the 11 Level 1 emergency DRUGS (not categories)?
1.Epinephrine2.Di-Phen-Hydr-amine (benadryl) 3.Chlor-Phen-ira-mine (Chlor-Tri-Me-Ton) 4.Oxygen 5.Nitroglycerine 6. Albuterol 7.Orange Juice 8.Cake Icing in Tube 9.Regular soft drinks 10.Glucose 11.chewable Aspirin
Level 1: What is the concentration of epi in the epi pen?
Level 1: What are the 2 indications for endogenous catecholamine?
1. Respiratory Distress 2.Anaphylaxis
Level 1: What are the two histamine blockers?
1.Di-phen-hydr-amine (benadryl) 2.Chlor-phen-ir-amine (Chlor-Tri-Me-Ton)
Level 1: What are the 3 indications for using a histamine blocker?
1.Allergic Reactions 2.AngioEdema 3.Anaphylaxis
Level 1: What are the 3 Level 1 drugs I would use for anaphylaxis?
1.Epi 2.Di-phen-hydr-amine (benadryl) 3.Chlor-phen-ir-amine (Chlor-Tri-Me-Ton)
Level 1: What is the indication for oxygen?
Level 1: What are the 3 indications for nitroglycerine?
1.Prophylaxis of angina 2.management of angina 3.treatment of angina
Level 1: Albuterol-Used for relief of _________ in patients with ______
Level 1: Anti-Hypoglygemic drugs are used for hypoglycemia in a _______ patient
Level 1: What is the indication for chewable aspirin?
pre-hospital admission for MI
What are the 12 Level 2 drugs?
1.Aromatic Ammonia 2.Spirits of Ammonia 3.Di-phen-hydr-amine 4.Diazepam 5.Morphine Sulfate 6.Es-mo-LOL 7.Lab-eta-LOL 8.Glucagon HCl 9.50% Dextrose 10.HydroCortisone Sodium Succinate 11.Meth-Ox-Amine 12.AtroPine
What are the 9 Level 3 drugs?
1.Sodium Bicarbonate 2.Morphine Sulfate 3.Lidocaine 4.Bret-yl-ium Tos-ylate 5.Pro-cain-amide 6.VeraPamil 7.Atropine 8.Calcium Chloride 9.Epinephrine
What are the 3 Level 4 Drugs?
1.Flum-az-enil 2.Nal-Ox-One 3.Nal-Trex-One
Level 2: What is the indication for ammonia?
fainting! (NOT respiratory depression from opioids)
Level 2: What are the 2 indications for histamine blockers?
1.MILD allergic rxn 2.AngioEdema
Level 2: What is the indication for an analgesic like MORPHINE sulfate?
pain/anxiety with an MI
Level 2: What is the indication for diazepam?
Status Epilepticus and severe recurrent convulsive seizures
Level 2: What are the 2 indications for es-mo-lol and lab-et- a-lol?
Level 2: What is the indication for glucagon HCl?
severe hypoglycemic reactions
Level 2: What are the 3 indications for glucocorticoid?
1.adrinocortial insuffiencey 2. shock 3.severe allergic rxn
Level 2: What is the indication for METHoxAmine?
Level 2: What drug do I use here? used to restore heart rate and arterial pressure when vagal stimulation causes sudden decrease in pulse rate and cardiac action; lessen degree of AV heart block; overcome severe bradycardia and syncope due to hyperactive carotid sinus reflex
Level 3: What is the drug of choice for suppression of ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation?
Level 3: acute management of ventricular dysrhythmias, especially those related to MI
Level 3: treatment of life-threatening ventricular dysrhythmias that have not responded to adequate doses of first line agents (e.g. lidocaine)
Level 3: used in suppressing premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) and recurrent ventricular tachycardia that cannot be controlled by lidocaine
Level 3: management of supraventricular tachycardia that does not require cardioversion
Level 3: treatment of acute hyperkalemia, hypocalcemia or calcium channel blocker toxicity
Level 3: How much Epi do we use for IV or endotracheally treatment of cardiac arrest?
1:10,000 for IV or endotracheally – treatment of cardiac arrest
Level 4: reversal of conscious sedation or general anesthesia which has been induced or maintained with benzodiazepines
Level 4: reversal of opioid depression (respiratory depression)
How much nitroglycerine do i give? (in mg)
How much chewable aspirin do I give? (in mg)
How much Epi do i give? (mL)
0.2-1.0mL of 1:1,000
Whats the max dose of DiPhenHyrdaMine daily? (mg)
Whats the max ChlorPhrnIraMine daily? (mg)
Whats the typical dose of atropine (mg) and whats the max dose?
How much morphine in a dose? (mg)
Whats the max dose of diazepam? (mg)
What is the solution dose for esmolol? (mg/mL)
What is the dose of 50% Dextrose? (mL)
20-50mL (10mL/min, so 2-5 min)
What is the dose for Glucagon? (mg)
What is the starting dose of Hydrocortisone? (mg)