E5: DENTAL EMERGENCY DRUGS Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in E5: DENTAL EMERGENCY DRUGS Deck (46):
1

What is the other name for Level 1 emergency drugs?

Basic Critical Drugs

2

What are the 11 Level 1 emergency DRUGS (not categories)?

1.Epinephrine2.Di-Phen-Hydr-amine (benadryl) 3.Chlor-Phen-ira-mine (Chlor-Tri-Me-Ton) 4.Oxygen 5.Nitroglycerine 6. Albuterol 7.Orange Juice 8.Cake Icing in Tube 9.Regular soft drinks 10.Glucose 11.chewable Aspirin

3

Level 1: What is the concentration of epi in the epi pen?

1:1000

4

Level 1: What are the 2 indications for endogenous catecholamine?

1. Respiratory Distress 2.Anaphylaxis

5

Level 1: What are the two histamine blockers?

1.Di-phen-hydr-amine (benadryl) 2.Chlor-phen-ir-amine (Chlor-Tri-Me-Ton)

6

Level 1: What are the 3 indications for using a histamine blocker?

1.Allergic Reactions 2.AngioEdema 3.Anaphylaxis

7

Level 1: What are the 3 Level 1 drugs I would use for anaphylaxis?

1.Epi 2.Di-phen-hydr-amine (benadryl) 3.Chlor-phen-ir-amine (Chlor-Tri-Me-Ton)

8

Level 1: What is the indication for oxygen?

Respiratory distress

9

Level 1: What are the 3 indications for nitroglycerine?

1.Prophylaxis of angina 2.management of angina 3.treatment of angina

10

Level 1: Albuterol-Used for relief of _________ in patients with ______

bronchospasm.... COPD

11

Level 1: Anti-Hypoglygemic drugs are used for hypoglycemia in a _______ patient

conscious

12

Level 1: What is the indication for chewable aspirin?

pre-hospital admission for MI

13

What are the 12 Level 2 drugs?

1.Aromatic Ammonia 2.Spirits of Ammonia 3.Di-phen-hydr-amine 4.Diazepam 5.Morphine Sulfate 6.Es-mo-LOL 7.Lab-eta-LOL 8.Glucagon HCl 9.50% Dextrose 10.HydroCortisone Sodium Succinate 11.Meth-Ox-Amine 12.AtroPine

14

What are the 9 Level 3 drugs?

1.Sodium Bicarbonate 2.Morphine Sulfate 3.Lidocaine 4.Bret-yl-ium Tos-ylate 5.Pro-cain-amide 6.VeraPamil 7.Atropine 8.Calcium Chloride 9.Epinephrine

15

What are the 3 Level 4 Drugs?

1.Flum-az-enil 2.Nal-Ox-One 3.Nal-Trex-One

16

Level 2: What is the indication for ammonia?

fainting! (NOT respiratory depression from opioids)

17

Level 2: What are the 2 indications for histamine blockers?

1.MILD allergic rxn 2.AngioEdema

18

Level 2: What is the indication for an analgesic like MORPHINE sulfate?

pain/anxiety with an MI

19

Level 2: What is the indication for diazepam?

Status Epilepticus and severe recurrent convulsive seizures

20

Level 2: What are the 2 indications for es-mo-lol and lab-et- a-lol?

1.HTN 2.Tachycardia

21

Level 2: What is the indication for glucagon HCl?

severe hypoglycemic reactions

22

Level 2: What are the 3 indications for glucocorticoid?

1.adrinocortial insuffiencey 2. shock 3.severe allergic rxn

23

Level 2: What is the indication for METHoxAmine?

Maintain BP

24

Level 2: What drug do I use here? used to restore heart rate and arterial pressure when vagal stimulation causes sudden decrease in pulse rate and cardiac action; lessen degree of AV heart block; overcome severe bradycardia and syncope due to hyperactive carotid sinus reflex

Atropine

25

Level 3: What is the drug of choice for suppression of ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation?

Lidocaine

26

Level 3: acute management of ventricular dysrhythmias, especially those related to MI

Lidocaine

27

Level 3: treatment of life-threatening ventricular dysrhythmias that have not responded to adequate doses of first line agents (e.g. lidocaine)

Bret-y-lol

28

Level 3: used in suppressing premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) and recurrent ventricular tachycardia that cannot be controlled by lidocaine

Pro-cain-amide

29

Level 3: management of supraventricular tachycardia that does not require cardioversion

Varapamil

30

Level 3: treatment of acute hyperkalemia, hypocalcemia or calcium channel blocker toxicity

Calcium Chloride

31

Level 3: How much Epi do we use for IV or endotracheally treatment of cardiac arrest?

1:10,000 for IV or endotracheally – treatment of cardiac arrest

32

Level 4: reversal of conscious sedation or general anesthesia which has been induced or maintained with benzodiazepines

FLUM-AZ-EN-IL

33

Level 4: reversal of opioid depression (respiratory depression)

Naloxone

34

How much nitroglycerine do i give? (in mg)

0.15-0.6mg

35

How much chewable aspirin do I give? (in mg)

81 mg

36

How much Epi do i give? (mL)

0.2-1.0mL of 1:1,000

37

Whats the max dose of DiPhenHyrdaMine daily? (mg)

400mg

38

Whats the max ChlorPhrnIraMine daily? (mg)

40mg

39

Whats the typical dose of atropine (mg) and whats the max dose?

typical: 0.4-1.0mg...max:2mg

40

How much morphine in a dose? (mg)

2-5mg

41

Whats the max dose of diazepam? (mg)

20mg

42

What is the solution dose for esmolol? (mg/mL)

10mg/mL

43

What is the dose of 50% Dextrose? (mL)

20-50mL (10mL/min, so 2-5 min)

44

What is the dose for Glucagon? (mg)

1mg

45

What is the starting dose of Hydrocortisone? (mg)

100 mg

46

What is the dose for MethoxAmine? (mg)

10-15mg