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Flashcards in Egypt Deck (39):
1

What kind of civilization was Egypt?

river valley civilization

2

What river was in Egypt?

Nile river

3

How did nile river flood?

flood gently and predictably

4

How was nile river seen?

seen as a bringer of life

5

How was Egypt politically?

politically unified early and long, and short periods of disunity

6

What were the long periods of unity called?

Old kingdom, middle kingdom and new kingdom

7

What were the short periods of disunity called?

Intermediate periods

8

How were they ethnically and linguistically?

Ethnically and linguistically homogenous

9

What was their writing called?

heiroglyphics

10

How was their outlook on life?

positive outlook on life and afterlife, mirror images of each other

11

What were their politics like?

Monarchy

12

Who was in charge of the monarchy?

Pharoahs

13

Who were pharaohs?

Egyptian kings, ruled from Capital Memphis

14

What were the pyramids consisted of?

Dead pharaohs inside

15

What were the step pyramids of Djaser?

First pyramid, most inspired by the ziggurats

16

What were the pyramids of Snefru

first attempt at smoothing sides of pyramids

17

What were the pyramids of Giza

Largest pyramids. Biggest pyramid for king and smaller pyramids for sons and smallest pyramids for wives

18

What was Instructions of Ptah-Hotep and Songs?

(Old Kingdom Ma'at) Instructions to his son for rules to live by and codes of conduct. If follow instructions, succeed and live a good life and it says nothing about afterlife in Old Kingdom

19

What kingdom were pyramids used for?

Old Kingdom

20

What was ma'at

Translated to "truth" Following ma'at means to be true and you will succeed in life.

21

What were the Unas Pyramid Incantations

(Old kingdom thoughts of afterlife) gave us insights on how Egyptians conceived of the divine and afterlife

22

What were passages read for Egypt in the Old Kingdom?

The Instructions of Ptah-Hotep and Songs, Unas Pyramid Incantations, and Hymm to Aten

23

What was the second intermediate period

first time egypt was ruled and invaded by foreign people by Hyksos (first foreign occupation)

24

What came after the second intermediate period?

New Kingdom

25

What were passages read for Egypt in the New Kingdom?

Egyptian book of the dead and sea people inscriptions

26

Where did the new kingdom expand?

It expanded south to Nubia and North to leuant

27

How were pharaohs seen in the new kingdom

they were warrior kings.

28

What passage depicts pharaoh of being a warrior?

Sea People Inscriptions. Since the sea people took over during the second intermediate period, pharaoh's had to fight the sea people so they were seen as warrior kings.

29

In the new kingdom, where were pharaohs buried?

In caves called "Valley of Kings"

30

What was mummification?

A way to allow pharaohs in the afterlife

31

What was the book of the dead?

Talks about the trip to the afterlife, it is unique and different for every person. Guidebook for the dead on how to get them to the afterlife. It is created for and burned with them.

32

What is the meaning of Ma'at in the new kingdom?

Concept that regulates and determines fate in the afterlife.

33

What insights does the book of the dead give us?

insights what they see as right and wrong.

34

What did the dead person have to do to get into the afterlife?

Had to go in front of a judge-like place, and talk to the gods as to why he deserves to go into the afterlife. They have to argue that they followed ma'at.

35

What caused the new kingdom to collapse?

the sea people caused collapse of Hitties and Mesopotamia.

36

Who were hitties?

Egyptians main rivals, forces pharaohs to become a warrior

37

What is piety?

participation in religious shrines. If you were piety it could grant you to be blissful in the afterlife

38

What did the end of the new kingdom lead to?

the iron age

39

What was the Hymm to aten

Aten was the sun god, and when the sun goes down, thats when evil comes out. All life on earth comes from Aten