Flashcards in Egypt Deck (39):
What kind of civilization was Egypt?
river valley civilization
What river was in Egypt?
How did nile river flood?
flood gently and predictably
How was nile river seen?
seen as a bringer of life
How was Egypt politically?
politically unified early and long, and short periods of disunity
What were the long periods of unity called?
Old kingdom, middle kingdom and new kingdom
What were the short periods of disunity called?
How were they ethnically and linguistically?
Ethnically and linguistically homogenous
What was their writing called?
How was their outlook on life?
positive outlook on life and afterlife, mirror images of each other
What were their politics like?
Who was in charge of the monarchy?
Who were pharaohs?
Egyptian kings, ruled from Capital Memphis
What were the pyramids consisted of?
Dead pharaohs inside
What were the step pyramids of Djaser?
First pyramid, most inspired by the ziggurats
What were the pyramids of Snefru
first attempt at smoothing sides of pyramids
What were the pyramids of Giza
Largest pyramids. Biggest pyramid for king and smaller pyramids for sons and smallest pyramids for wives
What was Instructions of Ptah-Hotep and Songs?
(Old Kingdom Ma'at) Instructions to his son for rules to live by and codes of conduct. If follow instructions, succeed and live a good life and it says nothing about afterlife in Old Kingdom
What kingdom were pyramids used for?
What was ma'at
Translated to "truth" Following ma'at means to be true and you will succeed in life.
What were the Unas Pyramid Incantations
(Old kingdom thoughts of afterlife) gave us insights on how Egyptians conceived of the divine and afterlife
What were passages read for Egypt in the Old Kingdom?
The Instructions of Ptah-Hotep and Songs, Unas Pyramid Incantations, and Hymm to Aten
What was the second intermediate period
first time egypt was ruled and invaded by foreign people by Hyksos (first foreign occupation)
What came after the second intermediate period?
What were passages read for Egypt in the New Kingdom?
Egyptian book of the dead and sea people inscriptions
Where did the new kingdom expand?
It expanded south to Nubia and North to leuant
How were pharaohs seen in the new kingdom
they were warrior kings.
What passage depicts pharaoh of being a warrior?
Sea People Inscriptions. Since the sea people took over during the second intermediate period, pharaoh's had to fight the sea people so they were seen as warrior kings.
In the new kingdom, where were pharaohs buried?
In caves called "Valley of Kings"
What was mummification?
A way to allow pharaohs in the afterlife
What was the book of the dead?
Talks about the trip to the afterlife, it is unique and different for every person. Guidebook for the dead on how to get them to the afterlife. It is created for and burned with them.
What is the meaning of Ma'at in the new kingdom?
Concept that regulates and determines fate in the afterlife.
What insights does the book of the dead give us?
insights what they see as right and wrong.
What did the dead person have to do to get into the afterlife?
Had to go in front of a judge-like place, and talk to the gods as to why he deserves to go into the afterlife. They have to argue that they followed ma'at.
What caused the new kingdom to collapse?
the sea people caused collapse of Hitties and Mesopotamia.
Who were hitties?
Egyptians main rivals, forces pharaohs to become a warrior
What is piety?
participation in religious shrines. If you were piety it could grant you to be blissful in the afterlife
What did the end of the new kingdom lead to?
the iron age