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Flashcards in Mesopotamia Deck (34):
1

What are the two rivers in mesopotamia

Euphrates and Tigris

2

What kind of civilization was mesopotamia

river valley civilization

3

what kind of climate was there

hot and dry

4

how were the rivers

rivers had a habit of flooding violently and unpredictably

5

why was Mesopotamia politically disjointed

because it was hard to communicate due to the rivers

6

How were the ethnicities and lingustics

they had different ethnicities and diverse languages

7

Who were the sumerians?

first group of people that developed urbanism

8

what was a ziggurat

religious sanctuary, political center, and an economic center

9

what was their writing

cuneiform

10

what was cuneiform?

their documentation, wedge writing

11

Who knew how to read cuneiform?

Rich people because they had the money to learn it

12

What kind of writing was cuneiform?

it was composed of symbols to represent letters and words. Its supposed to tell a story.

13

Why were all the cities walled?

To keep the enemies out, and the constant threats of war

14

What was the purpose of war?

for raw necessities, or because of the river

15

What was mesopotamia composed of?

city-states

16

What city states were there at this time?

Ur, Uruk, Akkad, Kish, and Babylon

17

Who was the first emperor

Sargon, he defeated other city-states around him and exploited them for their resources.

18

What empire did Sargon create?

Akkadian Empire, and it collapsed in a century/generation

19

What were the two main ethnicities?

sumerians (sumer civilization) akkadians (akkad civilization)

20

Who culturally influenced the akkadians

the sumerians

21

What kind of language does akkadians have?

semantic language

22

What were the two texts in mesopotamia?

Code of Hummurabi and Epic of Gilgimesh

23

What was the code of hammurabi

highly structured, only complete law code we have from that time

24

What can Hammurabi's code tell us?

Issues and attempts at resolving them, their gender norms, role of the king, politics in mesopotamia, and laws governing tade/commerce, and crimes and punishments

25

What was political legitimacy based on at this time?

Claiming relation to the gods.

26

What was the relationship with the gods?

Do for me and I will do for you, tit for tat

27

What did the code include?

Administration of justice, property, irrigation, loans, intrests, debt slavery, marriage, family, personal injury and manslaughter

28

What is a city-state?

a city that governs themselves.

29

What does the epic tell us?

gives us insights into the role of monarchy, relationship with their subjects, expected norms and duties, religion and gods, and afterlife

30

What was the relationship between humans and gods?

Sacrificial, quit pro quo

31

What is anthropomorphic

human-like gods

32

What was the afterlife like?

They thought it was brutal and bleak. Complete opposite of life, bad clothes and bad food

33

Who was in the afterlife?

Everyone was equal in death, no matter who you were when you were alive

34

What did they document with cuneiform?

used to record what they had in surplus. Also used to record their laws, religion, and culture