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Flashcards in Greece Deck (47):
1

what was the greek terrain like?

It was very rocky and mountainous

2

How was greek politically?

Disjointed

3

How were they ethnically and linguistically?

Diverse, and eventually become homogeneous

4

what do we know about the cycladic civilization

no written alphabet, everything we know is from archeology

5

what were cycladic figurines like?

they were of fertility goddesses (like Ishtar in Gilgamesh)

6

What was the minoans?

the next civilization after the cycladic civilization

7

Where was the minoan civilization centered around?

the island of crete

8

What kind of alphabet did the minoans develop?

Linear A

9

What were Knossos?

they were minoan palaces (compared to ziggurats) political, econimic and religious center and a redistributive economy

10

What were the minoan figurines like?

Polytheistic and fertility goddesses

11

what were minoan frescoes

tells us about their everyday life, religious processions, social activities, and politics

12

What did the Goddess figurines look like?

Looked like Ishtar, she was a role model for these figures, copied from Mesopotamia

13

What was the Theira Eruption

it was an eruption from a volcano that caused the decline of minoan civilization and left them vulnerable

14

What civilization came after Minoan civilization

the Mycenaean civilization

15

how was the Mycenaean civilization culturally influenced?

influenced by the minoans

16

What was their script/writing known as

Linear B

17

What was Linear B used to record?

record tribute, and list of goods being collected and distributed. Earliest form of greek

18

What were Wonax

greek kings, warrior manrachy

19

Where were wonox buried?

in Tholos Tumb

20

How did Mycenaeans become wealthy?

through raiding other city-states. Raided the west coast of Asia Minor for treasures

21

How did the bronze ago/mycenaean civilization end?

Dorian invasion, palaces were destroyed ending the bronze age

22

What were Dorians also known as?

The sea people

23

What followed the Dorian invasion?

the "Dark Ages"

24

What happened in the dark ages?

literacy disappears and urbanism population decreases

25

What passages were written in the dark ages?

Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, which was epic poetry

26

How were memories preserved in the dark ages?

through poetry

27

What did the Iliad allow us to get insight on?

insight on the dark age norms, it was a highly patriarchal society

28

Why was political legitimacy questioned in the dark ages?

because they stopped basing legitimacy in connection to the divine. You dont need to be related to the gods to be a king

29

What was the archaic period?

the end of the dark ages because literacy returns

30

What dialects were used in archaic period

attic, doric, and ionian

31

What kind of alphabet is used?

phonetic, they developed vowels and have 24 letters

32

What is a polis

city-state

33

what was a polis built around?

Acropolis, built around a mountain

34

What consisted of a polis?

countryside (villages), astu and agora

35

What was the astu

city center was below the polis

36

what was the agora

shopping and commerce took place, aka town square

37

What was choria

it was the country that surrounded the polis

38

What were Hellenes?

despite being scattered, greeks have a common identity, considered to be the same people

39

What were the people that werent Hellenes called?

Barbarians (non-greek speakers)

40

What was the culture called that Hellenic people shared?

Panhellenic culture

41

How were greeks politically?

They were disjointed and went to war with each other but are all culturally similar

42

What consists of a panhellenic culture?

they shared religion/gods, 'arete', shared sanctuaries (Oracle of Delphi), festivals, art and architecture

43

What is arete?

translated to excellence, virtue, and goodness.

44

How to get arete?

People train arete and when they overcome arete they become good and beautiful

45

What does Paideia mean?

means education. Arete could be developed through paideia

46

What kind of masculine arete are there?

being strong, providing, mentally strong, train both body and mind, brave, courageous, serve civil duty.

47

How to display arete?

through sculptures, striving for realism, idealism, and naturalism. Imitate excellence