Flashcards in Greece Deck (47):
what was the greek terrain like?
It was very rocky and mountainous
How was greek politically?
How were they ethnically and linguistically?
Diverse, and eventually become homogeneous
what do we know about the cycladic civilization
no written alphabet, everything we know is from archeology
what were cycladic figurines like?
they were of fertility goddesses (like Ishtar in Gilgamesh)
What was the minoans?
the next civilization after the cycladic civilization
Where was the minoan civilization centered around?
the island of crete
What kind of alphabet did the minoans develop?
What were Knossos?
they were minoan palaces (compared to ziggurats) political, econimic and religious center and a redistributive economy
What were the minoan figurines like?
Polytheistic and fertility goddesses
what were minoan frescoes
tells us about their everyday life, religious processions, social activities, and politics
What did the Goddess figurines look like?
Looked like Ishtar, she was a role model for these figures, copied from Mesopotamia
What was the Theira Eruption
it was an eruption from a volcano that caused the decline of minoan civilization and left them vulnerable
What civilization came after Minoan civilization
the Mycenaean civilization
how was the Mycenaean civilization culturally influenced?
influenced by the minoans
What was their script/writing known as
What was Linear B used to record?
record tribute, and list of goods being collected and distributed. Earliest form of greek
What were Wonax
greek kings, warrior manrachy
Where were wonox buried?
in Tholos Tumb
How did Mycenaeans become wealthy?
through raiding other city-states. Raided the west coast of Asia Minor for treasures
How did the bronze ago/mycenaean civilization end?
Dorian invasion, palaces were destroyed ending the bronze age
What were Dorians also known as?
The sea people
What followed the Dorian invasion?
the "Dark Ages"
What happened in the dark ages?
literacy disappears and urbanism population decreases
What passages were written in the dark ages?
Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, which was epic poetry
How were memories preserved in the dark ages?
What did the Iliad allow us to get insight on?
insight on the dark age norms, it was a highly patriarchal society
Why was political legitimacy questioned in the dark ages?
because they stopped basing legitimacy in connection to the divine. You dont need to be related to the gods to be a king
What was the archaic period?
the end of the dark ages because literacy returns
What dialects were used in archaic period
attic, doric, and ionian
What kind of alphabet is used?
phonetic, they developed vowels and have 24 letters
What is a polis
what was a polis built around?
Acropolis, built around a mountain
What consisted of a polis?
countryside (villages), astu and agora
What was the astu
city center was below the polis
what was the agora
shopping and commerce took place, aka town square
What was choria
it was the country that surrounded the polis
What were Hellenes?
despite being scattered, greeks have a common identity, considered to be the same people
What were the people that werent Hellenes called?
Barbarians (non-greek speakers)
What was the culture called that Hellenic people shared?
How were greeks politically?
They were disjointed and went to war with each other but are all culturally similar
What consists of a panhellenic culture?
they shared religion/gods, 'arete', shared sanctuaries (Oracle of Delphi), festivals, art and architecture
What is arete?
translated to excellence, virtue, and goodness.
How to get arete?
People train arete and when they overcome arete they become good and beautiful
What does Paideia mean?
means education. Arete could be developed through paideia
What kind of masculine arete are there?
being strong, providing, mentally strong, train both body and mind, brave, courageous, serve civil duty.