What were the types of government in ancient Greece?
1. Aristocracies 2. Oligarchies 3. Democracies 4. Mixed Government 5. Tyrannies
What was aristocracies?
ruled by the best person (person with 'arete' upper class)
What was oligarchies?
ruled by a few individuals
what was democracies?
ruled by the citizens?
what was mixed government?
aristocracies, oligarchies, combined with monarchies
what was tyrannies?
monarchs that came in unconventionally, by force or bribery
How are people citizens?
have to be a man, be native born in the polis, have to be 21, serve in the military, and have to be a landowner
who were non-citizens?
women, children, slaves, foreign born, and minors
who was sparta?
athens main rival
What was the demos?
all the citizens that make up athens
What were the passages in greece?
Pericles funeral oration, old oligarch, Iliad, oedipus tyrannus
What was the Delian League?
place to store military weapons in case Persians came back.
Who was Pericles
was elected by the demos, he was under reign during the peloponnesian war (30 year war)
What was the Pericles funeral oration?
to respect the people who died in the war. He thanked his ancestors for creating the empire. He talked about how great Athens was. Not just the people have arete but the buildings too. He said all members of demos contribute to society.
What was the Old Oligarch?
disapproving of athens democracy. Author felt that lower class would have a say in democracy. Since rascals dont have arete they dont know what would be best because they would only benefit themselves
Who were rascals?
poor people of athens
What was Dionysius
greek god of drunkeness, but also god of entertainment
What was the Theatre of Epidaurus
where plays would take place, theatres were for religious festivals
What was the Theatre of Dionysius
all theatre's built on a hill, dug out seats.
What was Aristotle's poetic on tragedy and comedy?
it lays out what ideal tragedy and comedy were supposed to have
What were plays supposed to have?
What was ideal in comedy?
had to imitate actual life, highlight ugliness, make you laugh. Imitate people who didnt have arete, disabilities, barbarians, etc.
what was ideal in tragedy?
had to imitate things with arete and be realistic
What were main characters in trageties called?
tragic characters, they start off high and have a sudden downfall
Structure of tragedy according to Aristotle
exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and denouement.
What did Sophocles write?
How was Oedipus brought up?
play wasnt made up, it comes from greek mythology. It was the first play to act out a myth
What is agan?
literacy device common in greece, argument/debate interrogation in front of a court.
Means to miss the mark, translated as the fatal flaw
Who has hamartia in greek theatre?
the protagonist has a fatal flaw which leasts to their downfall
excessive pride/ self-confidence
What was Miletus
used to be a greek polis along the river, used to be located by the shore, realized it was growing farther away from the water. Thought it was an act of god
Whats Thales of Miletus
realized water was muddy so shoreline grew. This considered to be the beginning of greek philosophy. Also beginning of scientific inquiry
What were "Presocratics"
early philosophers, they were concerned of the natural world and how it works
What did presocratics search
natural phenomenon/ explanation that could be proven, observed and rational
What did presocratics begin to question?
they started questioning the role and existence of gods
What is this picture? and what does it represent?
This is an image of a man leaping over a bull called "Bull Leaping Fresco." This gives us insights into their culture, daily lives and religions. These images were found in the Knossos Palace. This image also could have contributed to the myth on Minotaur.
What was this picture?
This is a picture of a goddess figurine. It looked like Ishtar because she was a role model for these figures. It was copied from mesopotamia. The fertility goddess had an important role in this civilization. She is holding snakes in her hands, which symbolizes death and rebirth.
What were the minoan frescos?
They were images painted inside the Knossos palace.
What is this picture?
This is a picture of Ramses III fighting the sea people. The sea people took over Egpyt which lead to the collapse of the New Kingdom. Ramses III was against the sea people, he became a warrior to fight them, smite his enemies and protect egypt.