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Flashcards in el medio ambiente Deck (196):
0

a corto plazo

in the short term

1

a largo plazo

in the long term

2

abono (m)

manure, fertilizer

3

agravarse

to get worse

4

aqua (f) potable

drinking water

5

ahorrar (energia, etc)

to save (energy, etc)

6

aire (m)

air

7

amenaza (f)

threat

8

animal (m) salvaje

wild animal

9

arder

to burn

10

atmósfera (f)

atmosphere

11

barrer

to sweep (away)

12

basura (f)

rubbish

13

bosque (m)

wood

14

calentarse (ie)*

to get warmer/hotter

15

calentamiento (m) global

global warming

16

cambio (m) climático

climate change

17

capa (f) de ozono

ozone layer

18

catástrofe (f)

catastrophe

19

central (f) nuclear

nuclear power station

20

científico/a (m,f)

scientist

21

clorofluorocarbonos (mpl)

CFCs

22

combustible (m)

fuel

23

concienciar

to make aware

24

conservar

to conserve, preserve

25

consumidor (m)

consumer

26

contaminación (f)

pollution

27

contaminar

to pollute

28

cuenca (f)

basin

29

dañar

to damage, harm

30

deforestación (f)

deforestation

31

derrochar

to squander

32

desastre (m)

disaster

33

desechos (mpl) radioactivos

radioactive waste

34

desertificación (f)

desertification

35

desgaste (m)

erosion

36

desperdicios (mpl)

rubbish

37

despilfarro (m)

waste

38

ecología (f)

ecology

39

efecto (m) invernadero

greenhouse effect

40

emanaciones (fpl) tóxicas

toxic emissions

41

energía (f) (solar, eólica etc)

(sun, wind, etc) energy

42

entorno (m)

surroundings, environment

43

envase (m)

wrapping

44

espacio (m) natural

open space

45

especie (f) amenazada

endangered species

46

fábrica (f)

factory

47

fertilizante (m)

fertilizer

48

gases (mpl) de escape

exhaust gases

49

humo (m)

smoke

50

incendiar

to set fire to

51

incendio (m) (forestal)

(forest) fire

52

inundación (f)

flood

53

limpieza (f)

cleaning, cleansing

54

luchar por

to fight for

55

mancha (f) de petróleo

oil slick

56

(medio) ambiental

enviromental

57

medio (m) ambiente

environment

58

mejorar

to get better

59

molino (m) de viento

windmill

60

monte (m)

woodland, mountain

61

naturaleza (f)

nature

62

pantano (m)

marsh

63

pérdida (f)

loss

64

perjudicial

damaging, harmful

65

petrolero (m)

oil-tanker

66

planeta (m)

planet

67

polución (f)

pollution

68

prevenir (ie)*

to prevent

69

protección (f)

protection

70

proteger

to protect

71

químico

chemical

72

reciclaje (m)

recycling

73

recipiente (m)

container

74

recoger

to collect

75

recogida (f)

collection

76

recuperar(se)

to recover

77

recursos (mpl)

resources

78

regar (ie)*

to irrigate

79

renovar (ue)*

to renew

80

renovable

renewable

81

residuos (mpl) (nucleares)

(nuclear) waste

82

restos (mpl)

left-overs

83

salvar

to save

84

selva (f)

jungle

85

sequía (f)

drought

86

sobrevivir

to survive

87

sociedad (f) consumista

consumer society

88

sostenible

sustainable

89

subida (f) de temperaturas

rise in temperatures

90

suelo (m)

ground

91

supervivencia (f)

survival

92

tirar

to throw out

93

tomar medidas

to take steps (measures)

94

venenoso

poisonous

95

los Verdes

the Greens

96

verter (ie)*

to dump/tip

97

vertedero (m)

rubbish dump

98

in the short term

a corto plazo

99

in the long term

a largo plazo

100

manure, fertilizer

abono (m)

101

to get worse

agravarse

102

drinking water

aqua (f) potable

103

to save (energy, etc)

ahorrar (energia, etc)

104

air

aire (m)

105

threat

amenaza (f)

106

wild animal

animal (m) salvaje

107

to burn

arder

108

atmosphere

atmósfera (f)

109

to sweep (away)

barrer

110

rubbish

basura (f)

111

wood

bosque (m)

112

to get warmer/hotter

calentarse (ie)*

113

global warming

calentamiento (m) global

114

climate change

cambio (m) climático

115

ozone layer

capa (f) de ozono

116

catastrophe

catástrofe (f)

117

nuclear power station

central (f) nuclear

118

scientist

científico/a (m,f)

119

CFCs

clorofluorocarbonos (mpl)

120

fuel

combustible (m)

121

to make aware

concienciar

122

to conserve, preserve

conservar

123

consumer

consumidor (m)

124

pollution

contaminación (f)

125

to pollute

contaminar

126

basin

cuenca (f)

127

to damage, harm

dañar

128

deforestation

deforestación (f)

129

to squander

derrochar

130

disaster

desastre (m)

131

radioactive waste

desechos (mpl) radioactivos

132

desertification

desertificación (f)

133

erosion

desgaste (m)

134

rubbish

desperdicios (mpl)

135

waste

despilfarro (m)

136

ecology

ecología (f)

137

greenhouse effect

efecto (m) invernadero

138

toxic emissions

emanaciones (fpl) tóxicas

139

(sun, wind, etc) energy

energía (f) (solar, eólica etc)

140

surroundings, environment

entorno (m)

141

wrapping

envase (m)

142

open space

espacio (m) natural

143

endangered species

especie (f) amenazada

144

factory

fábrica (f)

145

fertilizer

fertilizante (m)

146

exhaust gases

gases (mpl) de escape

147

smoke

humo (m)

148

to set fire to

incendiar

149

(forest) fire

incendio (m) (forestal)

150

flood

inundación (f)

151

cleaning, cleansing

limpieza (f)

152

to fight for

luchar por

153

oil slick

mancha (f) de petróleo

154

enviromental

(medio) ambiental

155

environment

medio (m) ambiente

156

to get better

mejorar

157

windmill

molino (m) de viento

158

woodland, mountain

monte (m)

159

nature

naturaleza (f)

160

marsh

pantano (m)

161

loss

pérdida (f)

162

damaging, harmful

perjudicial

163

oil-tanker

petrolero (m)

164

planet

planeta (m)

165

pollution

polución (f)

166

to prevent

prevenir (ie)*

167

protection

protección (f)

168

to protect

proteger

169

chemical

químico

170

recycling

reciclaje (m)

171

container

recipiente (m)

172

to collect

recoger

173

collection

recogida (f)

174

to recover

recuperar(se)

175

resources

recursos (mpl)

176

to irrigate

regar (ie)*

177

to renew

renovar (ue)*

178

renewable

renovable

179

(nuclear) waste

residuos (mpl) (nucleares)

180

left-overs

restos (mpl)

181

to save

salvar

182

jungle

selva (f)

183

drought

sequía (f)

184

to survive

sobrevivir

185

consumer society

sociedad (f) consumista

186

sustainable

sostenible

187

rise in temperatures

subida (f) de temperaturas

188

ground

suelo (m)

189

survival

supervivencia (f)

190

to throw out

tirar

191

to take steps (measures)

tomar medidas

192

poisonous

venenoso

193

the Greens

los Verdes

194

to dump/tip

verter (ie)*

195

rubbish dump

vertedero (m)