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Flashcards in Elections and Voting Deck (101)
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1

What are the 3 constitutional requirements to be President?

Over 35
US citizen for 14 years
Natural born US citizen

2

What was the 22nd amendment

Limited the presidential tenure to 2 terms (8 years)

3

7 extra constitutional requirements for the Presidency

Oratorical skills
Major party endorsement
Personal characteristics
Sound and relevant policies
Ability to raise large sums of money
Political experience
Effective organisation

4

How much money did Obama raise in the first three months of 2012?

66.4 million

5

3 factors for choosing a Vice President

Balanced ticket
Potential in government
Party unity

6

How many debates were held during the Republican invisible primary of 2016

7

7

What are the two main functions of the Invisible Primary

Fundraise
Raise your profile

8

What is a Primary?

An election to select a party's candidate for the Presidency.

9

What is the difference between an open and a closed primary?

Anyone can vote in an open primary, only registered party members can vote in a closed primary

10

How many Winner takes all primaries did the Republicans and Democrats have in 2016?

Republicans had 8, Democrats banned them so had 0

11

What effect does an incumbent tend to have on primaries

Turnout is considerably lower due to lack of competition

12

What total % of votes did Obama recieve in the 2012 Democratic primaries?

92

13

What is front loading

Holding a primary early in the season in order to increase the importance and media coverage of the primary

14

How many states are involved in Super Tuesday

14

15

Are Primaries that important? (2Y/1N)

Yes
Allows for huge upsets eg. Clinton vs Obama
Transparency and democracy - takes power away from the party bosses

No
Between 1960 and 2016, 24 of 30 selected candidates were ahead before a vote was cast

16

Strengths of Primaries (4)

Increases participation of ordinary voters
Wide range of candidates
Open to outsiders
Power taken away from party bosses

17

How many Republican candidates were there in 2016

17

18

What was the participation in primaries in 2016

35%

19

Weaknesses of Primaries (5)

Turnout is low,especially when incumbents run
Process is too long
Very expensive process
Can develop into bitter personal battles
Lack of peer review

20

How many days before the Iowa Caucus and the General election did Trump announce his candidacy?

230 days before Iowa
512 before GE

21

3 formal functions of the National Party Convention

Choose the President
Choose the Vice President
Decide the party platform

22

2 Informal functions of the National Party Convention

Promote party unity
Encourage votes

23

How did the Democrats promote party unity in 2016?

Sanders asked Vermont to pledge for Clinton, despite voting for him in the primary

24

What poll bounce did Clinton recieve after the DPC in 2016?

7 point

25

Are NPC's still important?

No
Primaries choose the Presidential candidate, not the Convention. Vice President hasnt been chosen at the Convention since 1956.

26

What steps did the 1974 FECA take?

Limited individual contributions to $1000
Limited Corporate contributions to $5000
Forbade donations from foreign donors
Established the FEC

27

What steps did the 2002 Bipartisan Capaign reform act take?

Banned soft money
Unions banned from directly funding issue ads
'Stand by your ad' Provision

28

What did Buckley vs Valeo in 1976 state

Limits on spending contributions is unconstitutional

29

What did Citizens United vs FEC in 2010 do

Granted unlimited expenditure rights to corporations, paving the way for the rise of Super PAC's

30

What are Super PAC's?

Fundraising committees premitted to recieve unlimited contributions and make unlimited expenditure aimed at either electing or defeating candidates