Flashcards in Elections and Voting Deck (101)
What are the 3 constitutional requirements to be President?
US citizen for 14 years
Natural born US citizen
What was the 22nd amendment
Limited the presidential tenure to 2 terms (8 years)
7 extra constitutional requirements for the Presidency
Major party endorsement
Sound and relevant policies
Ability to raise large sums of money
How much money did Obama raise in the first three months of 2012?
3 factors for choosing a Vice President
Potential in government
How many debates were held during the Republican invisible primary of 2016
What are the two main functions of the Invisible Primary
Raise your profile
What is a Primary?
An election to select a party's candidate for the Presidency.
What is the difference between an open and a closed primary?
Anyone can vote in an open primary, only registered party members can vote in a closed primary
How many Winner takes all primaries did the Republicans and Democrats have in 2016?
Republicans had 8, Democrats banned them so had 0
What effect does an incumbent tend to have on primaries
Turnout is considerably lower due to lack of competition
What total % of votes did Obama recieve in the 2012 Democratic primaries?
What is front loading
Holding a primary early in the season in order to increase the importance and media coverage of the primary
How many states are involved in Super Tuesday
Are Primaries that important? (2Y/1N)
Allows for huge upsets eg. Clinton vs Obama
Transparency and democracy - takes power away from the party bosses
Between 1960 and 2016, 24 of 30 selected candidates were ahead before a vote was cast
Strengths of Primaries (4)
Increases participation of ordinary voters
Wide range of candidates
Open to outsiders
Power taken away from party bosses
How many Republican candidates were there in 2016
What was the participation in primaries in 2016
Weaknesses of Primaries (5)
Turnout is low,especially when incumbents run
Process is too long
Very expensive process
Can develop into bitter personal battles
Lack of peer review
How many days before the Iowa Caucus and the General election did Trump announce his candidacy?
230 days before Iowa
512 before GE
3 formal functions of the National Party Convention
Choose the President
Choose the Vice President
Decide the party platform
2 Informal functions of the National Party Convention
Promote party unity
How did the Democrats promote party unity in 2016?
Sanders asked Vermont to pledge for Clinton, despite voting for him in the primary
What poll bounce did Clinton recieve after the DPC in 2016?
Are NPC's still important?
Primaries choose the Presidential candidate, not the Convention. Vice President hasnt been chosen at the Convention since 1956.
What steps did the 1974 FECA take?
Limited individual contributions to $1000
Limited Corporate contributions to $5000
Forbade donations from foreign donors
Established the FEC
What steps did the 2002 Bipartisan Capaign reform act take?
Banned soft money
Unions banned from directly funding issue ads
'Stand by your ad' Provision
What did Buckley vs Valeo in 1976 state
Limits on spending contributions is unconstitutional
What did Citizens United vs FEC in 2010 do
Granted unlimited expenditure rights to corporations, paving the way for the rise of Super PAC's