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Flashcards in Political Parties Deck (61)
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1

Define Liberal

A view that seeks to change the political, economic and social status quo in favour of the well being, rights and liberties of the individual, especially those who are generally disadvantaged by society

2

Give 4 key policy areas that the Democrats support

Increased spending on social welfare programmes
Gun control
A women's right to abortion
Rights for LGBT community

3

Give 5 key policy areas the Democrats oppose

Tough attitude on criminals
Death penalty
Increased defence spending
Decrease in federal government power
Stricter controls on immigration

4

What 4 key voting demographics vote Democrat?

Female
Minority Groups
Less wealthy
Northeast America

5

By what margin did Clinton win the female vote in 2016?

8 points

6

What lead did the Democrats hold over the Republicans with the Hispanic vote?

36

7

How many Northeast states did Obama win in 2012

All of them

8

What views do Liberal Activists hold on social and economic issues

Socially liberal on same sex marriage and abortion

Government should spend more during high unemployment to stimulate economic activity

9

Give 3 key members of the Liberal Activist faction

Obama
Biden
Roosevelt

10

What views do the New Democrats hold on social and economic issues?

Socially liberal, but fiscally conservative

Tax cuts for middle class, deregulation

11

What policy disreputes the idea that New Democrats are socially liberal

Clintons Don't Ask Don't Tell bill for the US army

12

Define Conservative

A view that seeks to defend the political, economic and social status quo and therefore tends to oppose changes in the institutions and structures of society

13

What 5 key policy areas do Republicans support?

Tough attitude on criminals
Death penalty
Increased defence spending
Decrease in federal government power
Stricter controls on immigration

14

What 3 key policy areas do Republicans oppose?

Increased spending on social welfare programmes
Gun control
Women's right to abortion

15

What 4 key voting demographics vote Republican

Male
White
Wealthy
Southern

16

By what margin did Trump win the male vote in 2016?

12 points

17

How did Trump perform in the South in 2016?

Won all of the states

18

What is the main drive of Fiscal Conservatives?

Economics, small government and a deregulated economy

Cut income tax
Attack welfare state

19

What do Social Conservatives believe?

Evangelical Christians who oppose abortion, same sex marriage and affirmative action.

Preserve traditional values

20

Give 3 members of the social conservatives

Rick Santorum, Sarah Palin, Marco Rubio

21

Why was the Tea Party formed?

Opposition to the Emergency Economic Stabilisation Act of 2008 and Obamas Economic Stimulus Package of 2009

22

What are the 4 core beliefs of the Tea Party?

Strict adherence to the Constitution
Limited Government
Reduce US government spending and taxation
Reduce the national debt and the federal budget deficit

23

What % of Tea Party voters prefer small government?

92%, compared with 50% of ordinary voters

24

What was the strategy of the Tea Party in 2010 and how successful were they?

Sought to defeat RINO's
Beat Alaskan Senator Murkowski and won 3 open seats in the primaries, but lost all 4 election
Rubio won the Florida seat over moderate Chris Christie

25

How did the Republicans perform in the 2014 mid terms?

Seized control of the Senate by winning 9 Senate seats
Were advantaged due to low general turnout and an increase in over 65s

26

What 3 reasons are there for polarisation of the political parties

Break up of the Solid South
50-50 Nation
Shades of Purple

27

What was meant by the term Yellow Dog Democrats

Used to describe voters in the South in the 1960, who would've voted for the Democrats even if they had a Yellow Dog as their candidate

28

What was the political makeup of the South in 1960

99/106 House members democrat
All 22 Senators democrat
11 State governors were Democrat

29

How had the makeup of the South changed by 1994

61/125 House members were Democrat
9/22 Senators were Democrat
5/11 State Governors were Democrat

30

What did the Break up of the solid south lead to?

Parties become more ideologically distinct, as conservative democrats moved to the republicans.
Eg. Texan Senator Phil Gramm