Electrolytes Flashcards Preview

Mark Klimek NCLEX Review > Electrolytes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Electrolytes Deck (20)
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1

Kalemias

do the same as the prefix, except HR and UO

-heart connection

2

hyperkalemia

everything goes up, HR and UO goes down

3

hypokalemia

everything goes down, HR and UO goes up

4

Tx for hypokalemia

-give more K
-DO NOT PUSH
-no more than 40 meq/L

5

Tx for hyperkalemia

-get rid of extra K before it stops the heart

1. D5W with reg insulin
2. Give K-excelate

6

D5W with reg insulin

-pulls K out of blood into the cell (hypotonic)
-fast, temporary
-we give K-excelate for when it starts to leave the cell

7

K-excelate

"K exiting late"
-slow, permanent
-leaves through poop

8

clonus

irritability

9

obtunded

worse than lethargic

10

adynamic ileus

"not moving"

11

Calcemias

opposite of the prefix with skeletal muscle/ nerve connection

12

hypercalcemia

down symptoms

13

hypocalcemia

up symptoms

14

Chovstek

Chovstek--cheek--face spasm

so, spasm...up...hypocalcemia

15

Trousseau

french man, hand gestures

BP cuff, spasm of hand

so, spasm...up...hypocalcemia

16

Magnesium

opposite of prefix

17

hypermagnesia

everything down

18

hypomagnesia

everything up

19

Whens theres a tie....

don't pick Magnesium

20

Natremias

the one with the "E" is DEhydration

the one with the "O" is overload

connection to neuro