Emergencies & Disasters Flashcards
Review emergencies, disasters, and triage principles.
What is an emergency response plan?
It’s what the healthcare facility follows when there is a disaster.
What is the difference between an internal and external disaster?
- Internal disaster: when the disaster happens inside the healthcare facility.
- External disaster: when the disaster happens outside the healthcare facility.
Why does the nurse attempt to estimate the number of individuals affected and the extent of the injuries before the clients arrive at the hospital during a disaster?
To estimate how much supplies, rooms, and staff will be needed to care for the clients.
What are the basic interventions if there is an active shooter on site?
Close the doors to all the rooms.
What is the American Red Cross?
A group that supplies housing, food, and support to disaster victims.
What is the HAZMAT team?
A group of people trained to deal with hazardous materials during a disaster.
What is the Federal Emergency Management Agency?
A federal program that helps communities prevent disasters, help during a disaster or rebuild after a disaster.
What is an emergency disaster kit?
Includes supplies needed during a disaster such as:
What are the 4 types of disasters?
What is a biological disaster?
It’s when an infectious disease is intentionally released into the environment causing havoc on a large number of people.
What are examples of a biological warfare agent?
What is the immediate action for a client with suspected anthrax or smallpox?
Get the client into a private room immediately to prevent infecting others.
What is a chemical disaster?
It’s when a chemical is intentionally released into the environment causing havoc on a large number of people.
What are examples of chemical warfare agents?
Strip clothing and decontaminate.
What are examples of a natural disaster?