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NCLEX-RN (3) Safety & Infection Control > Emergencies & Disasters > Flashcards

Flashcards in Emergencies & Disasters Deck (21)
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1

What is an emergency response plan?

An emergency response plan is what the healthcare facility follows when there is a disaster.

2

What is the difference between an internal and external disaster?

  • Internal disaster is when the disaster happens inside the healthcare facility.
  • External disaster is when the disaster happens outside the healthcare facility.

3

Why does the nurse attempt to estimate the number of individuals affected and the extent of the injuries before the clients arrive at the hospital during a disaster?

Estimates of the number of clients expected are done to estimate how much supplies, rooms, and staff will be needed to care for the clients.

4

What is the American Red Cross (ARC)?

The American Red Cross is a group that supplies housing, food, and support to disaster victims.

5

What is the HAZMAT team?

The HAZMAT team is a group of people trained to deal with hazardous materials during a disaster.

6

What is the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)?

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is a federal program that helps communities prevent disasters, help during a disaster or rebuild after a disaster.

7

What is an emergency disaster kit?

Emergency disaster kit includes supplies needed during a disaster such as:

  • water
  • medicines
  • food
  • clothes
  • flashlight
  • radio
  • batteries

8

What are the 4 types of disasters?

4 types of disasters:

  • biological
  • chemical
  • natural
  • manmade

9

What is a biological disaster?

A biological disaster is when an infectious disease is intentionally released into the environment causing havoc on a large number of people.

10

What are examples of a biological warfare agent?

Biological warfare agent:

  • anthrax
  • smallpox

11

What is the immediate action for a client with suspected anthrax or smallpox?

Get the client into a private room immediately to prevent infecting others.

12

What is a chemical disaster?

A chemical disaster is when a chemical is intentionally released into the environment causing havoc on a large number of people.

13

What are examples of chemical warfare agents?

Chemical warfare agents:

  • radiation
  • gases

14

What are examples of a natural disaster?

Natural disasters:

  • fire
  • blizzard
  • tornado
  • hurricane

15

What are examples of a man-made disaster?

Man-made disaster:

  • bridge collapsing
  • gas leak
  • bombing

16

What are the triage principles (using numbers)?

Triage principles (using numbers):

  1. severely unstable: need to be seen NOW
  2. potentially unstable and urgent: need to be seen within 10 minutes
  3. stable, but urgent: need to be seen within 30 minutes
  4. stable, and not urgent: may need testing
  5. stable, and not urgent: don't need any tests

17

What are triage principles (using colors)?

 

 

 

18
Immediate Complication

What are some examples of the triage principle of 🔴 Red or 1 & 2?

🔴 Red (1 & 2):

  • respiratory distress
  • chest pain
  • amputations
  • decreased level of consciousness
  • chemical splash to the eye

19

What are some examples of the triage principle of 🟡 Yellow or 3?

🟡 Yellow or 3:

  • open fracture with pulse
  • large wounds

20

What are some examples of the triage principle of 🟢 green or 4?

🟢 Green or 4:

  1. closed fracture
  2. minor laceration
  3. sprains and strains
  4. large bruises

21

What is an example of the triage principle ⚫ black or 5?

⚫ Black or 5:

  • unconscious with a very low heart rate or low respirations