EMT Chapter 22, 33, 35 , & 23 Flashcards Preview

Emergency Care > EMT Chapter 22, 33, 35 , & 23 > Flashcards

Flashcards in EMT Chapter 22, 33, 35 , & 23 Deck (39):
0

What is an allergic reaction?

Body's exaggerated response to a foreign substance.

1

What happens after the first exposure to an allergen?

Immune system forms antigens to that allergen.

2

After the second exposure to an allergen…

Antibodies release histamine and other chemicals that cause harmful affects.

3

How does the body react to histamine release?

Inflammation, bronchoconstriction, vasodilation

4

_____ is heat transmitted through physical contact.

Conduction

5

_____ is heat transferred passively or with active wind.

Convection

6

_______ is heat lost from the head.

Radiation

7

_____ is heat lost from the skin.

Evaporation

8

_____ is heat lost from the mouth/nose during exhalation.

Respiration

9

What occurs in the patient during stage one hypothermia?

Vasoconstriction and mild to strong shivering

10

What occurs in stage two of hypothermia?

Violent shaking & stumbling/confusion

11

What occurs in stage three of hypothermia?

Shivering stop & cellular metabolic processes shut down

12

What does the patient present as with heat cramps?

Normal/elevated body temperature
Warm moist skin
Increased thirst, weakness, and muscle cramps

13

What does the patient present as with heat exhaustion?

Elevated body temp
Cool, moist skin
Weak, anxious, tachypnea

14

What does the patient present as its heat stroke?

High body temp
Hot, dry, skin
Hypotension, AMS, Coma

15

What is the cause of death during drownings?

Anoxic brain injury

16

When approaching a drowning victim what is the first thing you should do?

Give five rescue breaths.

17

What is PAT?

Pediatric triangle assessment

18

What is PAT composed of?

Appearance
Breathing
Circulation

19

When assessing appearance what do you look for?

Tone
Interactiveness
Consolibility
Look/gaze
Speech/cry

20

When assessing breathing what do you look for?

Airway signs
Abnormal positioning
Retractions
Nasal flaring
Head bobbing

21

When assessing circulation what do you look for?

Cyanosis
Mottling
Pale

22

Bulging fontanelles exhibit what?

Meningitis
Head trauma

23

What are sunken fontanelles a sign of?

Dehydration

24

What are common causes of shock?

Diarrhea
Infection
Trauma
Blood loss
Allergic Rxn
Poisoning
Cardiac events

25

Apnea is absence of breathing for ___ seconds.

20

26

What is inflammation of the larynx/subglottic airway

Croup

27

Croup is inflammation of _____

Subglottic airway and larynx

28

Croup occurs what in ages?

6 mo to 3 years

29

What symptoms present in a patient with croup?

Barking cough
Fever
stridor/retractions

30

Bronchiolitis is bronchial…

Obstruction/inflammation

31

80% of bronchiolitis patients are less than…

6 months old

32

Recovery for bronchiolitis occurs from __ to __ days

11 to 14 days

33

Pertussis is transmitted through what?

Aerosolized droplets

34

What are the types of toxidromes?

Opioid/narcotic
Stimulants/sympathomimetrics
Cholinergic/anticholinergic
Sedative/hypnotic

35

What are toxidromes?

Group of characteristic effects associated with a particular substance or class of substances

36

Alcohol withdrawal can cause what?

Delirium tremens

37

What are symptoms of CO poisoning?

Headache (band around head)
Short of breath
Dizziness/nausea
Cyanotic

38

How fast is CO eliminated?

8 hours on room air
24 minutes in hyperbaric chamber