EMT Chapters 19, 18, & 21 Flashcards Preview

Emergency Care > EMT Chapters 19, 18, & 21 > Flashcards

Flashcards in EMT Chapters 19, 18, & 21 Deck (77)
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0

What is a symptom of both pulmonary edema and pneumonia?

Crackles

1

Wheezing is…

Narrowed airways

2

Stridor is…

Partial airway obstruction

3

What sound is stridor?

High pitched on inspiration

4

What diseases fall under COPD?

Emphysema and chronic bronchitis

5

Emphysema is destruction of ____ _____.

Alveolar sacs

6

Emphysema decreases what?

Surface area of alveolar sacs

7

_____ _____ is known as pink puffer because of their pursed lips.

Emphysema patients

8

What device is used on pulmonary edema?

CPAP

9

Which COPD produces a productive cough?

Chronic bronchitis

10

_______ is high CO2 levels

Hypercapnia

11

Asthma is an ____ disease

Episodic

12

What is the order of progression of asthmatics?

i) expiration wheezing
ii) inspiration and expiration wheezing
iii) silent

13

Asthmatics have a ____ couch.

Nonproductive

14

Pulmonary edema is a result of what?

Left sided heart failure.

15

What is a spontaneous pneumothorax?

A collapsed lung.

16

What are some signs and symptoms of a spontaneous pneumothorax?

Unilateral lung sounds
Deviated trachea
Unequal chest rise

17

What is hemoptysis?

Coughing up blood

18

What is hematemesis?

Vomiting blood

19

What is the function of beta blockers

They slow the heart rate

20

Nitroglycerin does what?

Reduces preload and decreases pressure

21

Sudden death occurs _____ after the onset of symptoms

2 hours

22

When examining the abdomen check for…

Distension and and rigidity

23

What do you check for when examining the neck?

JVD and medical tag

24

What are the 5 patient rights?

Right patient
Right time
Right medication
Right dose
Right route

25

What are examples of opioids?

Heroine
Morphine
Phentanyl
Oxycodone

26

ALOC is an acronym that mean…

Altered Level of Consciousness

27

What is AEIOU?

A - Alcohol
E - Environment/Epilepsy
I - Insulin
O - Overdose
U - Uremia

28

What is TIPS?

T - trauma
I - infection
P - psychosis
S - stroke

29

AEIOU- TIPS is what?

A - alcohol/anoxia
E - environment/epilepsy
I - Insulin
O - overdose
U - uremia

T - trauma
I - infection
P - psychosis
S - stroke