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Flashcards in Medications Deck (258)
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0

What is the indication for Benadryl (diphenhydramine)?

Allergic reaction
Pediatric allergic Rxn

1

What is the dose of Benadryl that you would give to a patient having a mild allergic reaction (diphenhydramine)?

25-50 mg IV/IO/IM/PO

2

What is a contraindication for Benadryl (diphenhydramine)?

Asthma
Infants less than 3 months
Narrow angle glaucoma
Prostatic Hypertrophy

3

What dose of diphenhydramine (Benadryl) would you give to a pediatric patient experiencing a mild allergic rxn?

1mg/kg IV/IO/IM

4

What is the generic name for Zofran?

Ondansetron

5

What is the trade name for ondansatron?

Zofran

6

What is the action of Zofran (ondansetron)?

Zofran (ondansetron) antagonizes serotonin receptors.

7

What are the indications for the use of Zofran (ondansetron)?

Abdominal pain
Vomiting & diarrhea
Pediatric vomiting & diarrhea

8

What are the contraindications for the use of Zofran (ondansetron)?

Hypersensitivity
Concomitant use of apomorphine

9

What are the side effects of Zofran (ondansetron)?

Headache
Drowsiness

10

What is the adult dose/route of Zofran (ondansetron)?

ABDOMINAL PAIN — 4mg IV/IM/IO/ODT may repeat in 15 minutes
VOMITING/DIARRHEA — 4mg IV/IO/ODT may repeat in 15

11

What is the pediatric dose/route of Zofran (ondansetron)?

Serious S/S — no: 0.2mg/kg PO/ODT (max. 4mg)
Yes: 0.2mg/kg ODT -or-
0.15mg/kg IV/IO

12

What are any special considerations for the use of Zofran (ondansetron)?z

It prolongs the QT interval

13

What pregnancy category is Zofran (ondansetron)?

Pregnancy category B

14

What is the trade name for promethazine?

Phenergan

15

What is the generic name for Phenergan?

promethazine

16

What class of medication is Zofran (ondansetron)?

Antiemetic

17

What is an antiemetic?

a drug that prevents vomiting

18

What is the class of Phenergan (promethazine)?

It is an antihistamine and a antiemetic drug

19

What is the action of Phenergan (promethazine)?

It blocks H1 receptors
Possesses anticholinergic properties

20

What are the indications for Phenergan (promethazine)?

Abdominal pain
Vomiting & diarrhea

21

What are the contraindications of Phenergan (promethazine)?

Children < 2
Lactating women

22

What are the side effects of Phenergan (promethazine)?

Sedation
Respiratory depression
Induced asthma

23

What is the adult dose/route for Phenergan (promethazine)?

12.5mg IV/IO/IM repeat x 1 (as needed)

24

What is the pediatric dose/route for Phenergan (promethazine)?

None

25

What are any special considerations for the use of Phenergan (promethazine)?

Choose lower dose if reaction is suspected (ie. Age > 60)
When giving IV dilute with 10mL of NaCl & PUSH SLOWLY

26

What pregnancy category is Phenergan (promethazine)?

Pregnancy category C

27

What is the trade name for albuterol?

Proventil
Ventolin

28

What is the generic name for Ventolin and Proventil?

albuterol

29

What class of medication is albuterol?

Sympathomimetic