EMT Chapters 13,17,27,15,16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in EMT Chapters 13,17,27,15,16 Deck (56)
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0

For a trauma patient with no significant mechanism of injury, what are the steps for assessment?

After the scene size up,
1. determine chief complaint & info on injury
2. Perform secondary assessment (expose/auscultate/palpate)
3. Assess baseline vitals
4. Obtain PMH
5. Treat injury.

1

What is the steps of assessment of a trauma patient with no significant mechanism of injury?

1. Immobilize spine
2. Consider ALS
3. Perform rapid assessment
4. Get baseline vitals
5. Get PMH

2

What is cardiac tamponade?

Muffled heart sounds.

3

What is DCAP BTLS?

Deformities
Contusions
Abrasions
Penetrations/punctures

Burns
Tenderness
Lacerations
Swelling

4

What are contusions?

Bruising (internal bleeding)

5

What are abrasions?

"road rash"

6

When checking the head durning a rapid trauma assessment, what are you looking for?

DCAP BTLS, Raccoon eyes, battle signs, odors, PUPILS

7

When checking the neck during a rapid trauma assessment, what are you looking for?

DCAP BTLS, deviated trachea, JVD, Spinal alignment.

8

What do you do immediately after examining the neck during a rapid trauma assessment?

Place C Collar.

9

What is hypovolemia?

Low blood volume

10

When checking the chest during a rapid trauma assessment, what are you looking for?

DCAP BTLS, flail chest

11

What do you do immediately after checking the chest during a rapid trauma assessment?

Auscultate lung sounds

12

When checking the abdomen during a rapid trauma assessment, what are you looking for?

DCAP BTLS, tenderness/rigidity, pulsating masses

13

What is a pulsating mass in the abdomen a sign of?

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

14

When checking the pelvis during a rapid trauma assessment, what are you looking for?

DCAP BTLS, incontinence, priapism, stability

15

Priapism and incontinence is a sign of what?

Spinal cord injury

16

When checking the extremities during a rapid trauma assessment, what are you looking for?

DCAP BTLS, PMS-C

17

When do you check PMS-C on a trauma patient?

Before and after movement of the patient.

18

What is PMS-C?

Pulse
Motor
Sensory
Capillary Refill

19

When checking the back during a rapid trauma assessment, what are you looking for?

DCAP BTLS, spinal alignment

20

Immediately after examining the back of a trauma patient, what procedure is done

Secure patient to backboard

21

What follows the rapid trauma exam of a trauma patient?

Detailed physical exam and treatment of non life threatening injuries

22

What is SVR?

Systemic Vascular Resistance

23

Blood pressure = what?

Cardiac output • SVR

24

Arteries have the ability to _____ and ____ whereas veins have ______ to control blood flow.

Constrict and dilate; valves

25

Arterial blood is high in _____ whereas venous blood is high in _____.

Arterial - oxygen
Venous - carbon dioxide

26

What type of bleeding is most difficult to control?

Arterial bleeds

27

In order, what are the methods for bleeding control?

Direct pressure
Elevate the wound
Apply pressure dressing
Tourniquet

28

How do hemp static agents work to control bleeding?

They clump like kitty litter and absorb RBCs.

29

What is epistaxis?

Nosebleed