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Flashcards in Endocrine 2 Deck (41):
1

All pituitary activities controlled by what

hypothalamus

2

what hormone promotes growth indirectly, control of protein, lipid, carbohydrate metabolism, found in liver and adipose tissue

growth hormone

3

what hormone stimulates secretion of thyroid hormones and is found in thyroid gland

thyroid stimulating hormone

4

what hormone stimulates the secretion of corticosteroids, found in adrenal gland and cortex

adrenocorticotropic hormone

5

what hormone stimulates milk production, lactogenic hormones, found in mammary gland

prolactin hormone

6

what hornome controls reproduction function, found in ovary and testes

gonadotropic hormones

7

what hormone stimulates target organs to release hormones, growth and development

B-lipotropin hormone

8

what hormone is a major participant in several physiologic processes including growth and metabolism

Growth hormone (somatotropin)

9

the thyroid stimulating hormone is controlled by _____ which secretes ________

hypothalamus

TRH (thyrotropin releasing hormone)

10

the growth hormones most intense release in children and young adults is when

after onset of deep sleep

11

normal IQ, stunted growth, delayed puberty, excessive sub Q fat, poor muscle development, hyposecretion of growth hormone during childhood

hypopitutarism

(pititary dwarfism)

12

oversecretion of one or more of the pituitary horomes, growth hormone or prolactin

hyperpituitarism

13

what stimulates sgowth in bones and soft tissue and normally signals anterior pituitary to reduce growth hormone production

insulin growth factors

14

tumor compresses normaltissue, secretion decreases

pituitary tumors (most common)

15

testosterone secretion by interstitial cells testes

cales- leydig cells of testes

16

in childhood gigantism happens because what

there is an excess of growth hormone before the closure of the epiphyseal plate

17

when does acromegaly develop

after epiphyseal closure, so bones and soft tissue thicken

18

patients with acromegaly need what kind of diet to avoid heart failure

low sodium diet

19

what are complications of acromegaly

arthrosclerosis, DM, cardiomegaly

20

what signs and symptoms would you find with a patient who has acromegaly

c/o changes in dentures, hat, glove, rins, shoe size

21

in patients with acromegaly can bone growth stop, soft tissue, and hypertrophy be reversed

yes

22

what nursing management would you do for acromegaly

increased calcium diet, good skin care, and psycological support

23

ADH is regulated by what

plasma osmolality & blood volume

24

stimulates uterine smooth muscle contraction to facilitate birth, milk ejection

oxytocin

25

ADH is released depsite normal or low plasma osmolarity, results from abnormal production or sustained secretion of ADH

SIADH

(syndrome of inappropriate ADH)

26

in SIADH there is decreased NA which leads to what

muscle cramps, weakness, anorexia, nausea, diarrhea, HA, confustion, irritability

27

in SIADH, water retention leads to what

water intoxication, brain swells leading to neuro issues (lethargy, seizures, and coma)

28

what are SIADH pts given diuretics

they may develop heart failure

29

excrete large amounts of dilute urine with glucose (no glucosuria)

diabetes insipidus

30

what assessments would you do with a diabetes insipidus patient

assess:

B/P, skin turgor, I & O, daily weight

31

butterfly shaped fland located anterior portion of neck in front of trachea

thyroid gland

32

what is necesssary for synthesis of thyroid hormones

iodine

33

the tyroids function is for production, storage, realease of three hormones that regulate metabolic processes, they are?

T-4, T-3, calcitonin

34

inhibits resorption from bone, incrases bone storage & renal excretion of Ca & phosphorus

calcitonin

35

what is the first diagnostic test for hormone dysfunction of the thyroid gland

TSH serum study, most sensitive

36

sustained increase of synthesis and release of thyroid hormone by thyroid gland

hyperthyroidism

37

autoimmune disease, diffuse thyroid enlargement & excessive thyroid hormone secretion

graves disease

38

a condition of neuromuscular hyperexcitability associated with sudden decrease in calcium levels,

tetany

39

characterized by unpleaseent tingling of the hands and aound the mouth

tetany

40

can toxic nodular goiters be multinodar goiter or single nodule

both

41

what are clinical manifestations of hyperthyroidism