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Flashcards in Exam 4 senior year Deck (119)
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1

referred to as a unit, sum of the total of the changes that normally take place from brith to death

growth and development

2

an increase of # and size of cells resulting in overall increase of size and weight of the whole or any any parts

growth

3

changes that are due to genetic inheritance

maturation

4

referes to the predictable physiological, psysiological, psychosocial and cognitive chnges occuring over ones life span

development

5

cephalocaudal

head to toe
head developes first then trunk, and last the legs

6

proximodistal

near to far
from central axis of body to extremities

7

is development unique for each child

yes all grow at each individuals own pace

8

is development interrelated

yes physiological, psychosocial, gognitice and moral aspects of development are affected by one another

9

is developemnt differentiated

yes, growth becomes more specific and skillful as a child grows

10

Erikson

psychosocial development, during each stage there is a crisis to be resolved and a virtue to be fained. according to erikson, failure to properly master each step leads to problems in the future

11

Piaget

Cognitive Development, process by which developing individuals become acquainted with the world and the objects it contains
(sensorimotor 0-2ys, preoperational (2-4), cognitive thought phase (4-7), concrete operational (7-11/12), formal operations ( 11/12 & older))

12

Kohlberg

Moral reasoning, moral development is based on cognitive development and consists of three major levels
preconventional level
conventional level
post conventional level

13

wernickes area

reason and process language

14

how do we hear

hear at the primary auditory cortex to wenickies area to Brocas to primary motor cortex

15

Fowler

Spiritual development, 7 stages that are closely associated with cognitive and psycnosocial development

16

group of 2 or more people birth or adopted or marriage in the same home

Family

17

Developmental theory (Duval)

8 stages starting at beginning family ending with families in later years, this theory assesses a families current stage and ability to accomplish the tasks of that particular stage

18

Family stress theory

examines how families deal with normative and nonnormative stress

19

Family systems theory

views family as a system where all family members interace interdependently with one another. emphasizes family elements and the processes existing within and between families and their various enviornments

20

stage 1 of developmental theory

marriage and independent home
make decisions about parenthood

21

stage 2 of developmental theory

families with infants
parent infant attachment

22

stage 3 of developmental theory

families with preschoolers
socialize children, parent/child adjust to seperation

23

stage 4 of developmental theory

families with school children
child est peer relationships

24

stage 5 of developmental theory

families with teenagers
increase autonomy

25

stage 6 of developmental theory

families as launching centers
renegotiate marital relationships

26

stage 7 of developmental theory

middle age families
deal with disbilities and death, regain relationships with grandparents/in laws
bridging the gap, grandparenting

27

stage 8 of developmental theory

aging families
shift from work to retirement

28

married couple with biolgical children

traditional (nuclear)

29

married couple with biological and step/adopted/foster children

nuclear

30

mother or father with child or children

single parent from divorce death or unmarried woman