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Flashcards in ENT Deck (28):
1

there is a higher incidence of retinal detachment with what?

nearsightedenss (myopia)

2

how does vision loss occur with open angle glaucoma?

peripheral tocentral

3

causes of nasopharyngeal carcinoma

ebstein barr virus and HPV

4

DOC for vasomotor rhinittis (non-allergic, non-inflammatory)

nasal ipratropium

5

Tx for strep throat if allergic to PCN

Macolide abx (clarithrymycin, azithromycin, or erythromycin)

6

most common site of posterior nosebleeds

Woodruff's plexus

7

preferred imanging for acoustic neuroma

MRI

8

cyst located anterior to the SCM, ahs a fluctauant character, mostly seen after URIs

branchial cleft cyst

9

cyst that occurs midline and will raise and lower with movement of the tongue

thyroglossal duct cyst

10

meds that can cause gingival hyperplasia

phenytoin, CCB, cyclosporine

11

most appropriate diagnostic tool for mastoiditits

CT can

12

what condition do B/L aucoustic neuromas occur with

neurofibromatosis type II

13

IN conductive hearing loss BC > AC

bone conduction > air conduction

14

in sensorineural hearing loss BC> air conduction

air conduction and bone conduction are both depreciated

15

Tx for otitis externa

neomycin sulfate, polymyxin B sulfate

16

if bullae seen in acute otitits media what should you think?

mycoplasma pneumoniae

17

TM is retracted with bony landmarks preserved

serous otitis media

18

TM is retracted with bony landmarks preserved

serous otitis media

19

common bacterial causes of acute sinusitits

strep pneumo and strep pyogenes, h flu, moraxella ctarrhalis

20

white lesions that can't be removed by simply rubbing the mucosal surface. Occur in response to chronic irritation

luekoplakia

21

most common type of oral cancer

squamous cell carcinoma

22

submandibular gland, most common site for sialolithiaiss

Wharton's duct

23

stone formation in the salivary gland duct. Presents with post prandial pain, local swelling

sialolithiaisis

24

acute swelling of the parotid gland or submandibular gland due to ductal obstruction. Purulent drainage can be massaged from the duct.

sialadenitits

25

Tx for sialadenitits

dicloxacillin or cephalexin

26

Tv for epiglotitits

IV 3r d gen cephalopsorins, dexmathasone

27

cause of croup

parainfluenza virus

28

hoarseness, inspiratory stridor, brassy cough in children 6 months-3 years old.

croup