Equine 3-4 Flashcards Preview

Large Animal Gas > Equine 3-4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Equine 3-4 Deck (57)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

Duodenitis-proximal Jejunitis (DPG) characteristics

A

inflammation and stasis of the proximal segments of the small intestine

2
Q

DPJ clinical signs

A

moderate pain
low fever
Dilated SI
ab tap: increase TS

3
Q

DPJ clinical signs

A

low fever
Pain
HR decrease with gastric decompression

4
Q

Strangulation clinical signs

A

normothermic
Pain
HR not related to reflux
Peritoneal fluid is serosanguious

5
Q

DPJ treatment

A

Gastric decompression
NSAID
IV

6
Q

DPJ potential complications

A

laminits

adhesions

7
Q

Inflammatory bowel disease clinical signs

A

recurrent colic
weight loss
edema

8
Q

Treatments for IBD

A

corticosteroids

Immune suppressants

9
Q

Colitis clinical signs

A
endotoxemia- cause founder
fever
increased HR/RR
toxic MM
dehydration
Diarrhea
10
Q

Colitis lab data

A
Neutropenia
acidosis
decreased ions
Decreased TP
Increased liver enzymes
11
Q

Colitis diagnostics

A

Whole blood
feces
US
Rad

12
Q

Colitis treatment

A

Vol replacement
Colloids
Oral fluid replacement
ISOLATION

13
Q

Colitis endotoxin related treatment

A

NSAID
Polymixin B
digital hypothermia

14
Q

do you give colitis horses antibiotics

A

no

15
Q

Colitis potential sequelae

A

laminits
renal failure
peritonitis
fungal pneumonia

16
Q

Salmonellosis characteristics

A

PCR
increase in summer and fall
no specific therapy
Shed for 1-2 months

17
Q

Neorickettsia risticii is also called

A

Potomac horse fever

18
Q

Neorickettsia risticci characteristics

A

infectious not contagious

May to October

19
Q

How is N. risticii transmitted

A

freshwater snails

20
Q

N. risticii clinical signs

A

lethargy
anorexia
fever

21
Q

N. risticii diagnosis

A

whole blood PCR

22
Q

N. risticii prevention

A

tetracyclines

23
Q

Common complication of N. risticii

A

laminitis

24
Q

Clostridial infection difference between foals and adults

A

Adults: (difficile) antimicrobial associated diarrhea
Foals: (perfringens) diarrhea

25
Q

Clostridiosis risk factors

A

Antimicrobial use

management factors

26
Q

Clostridiosis diagnosis

A

fecal toxin tests

27
Q

Clostridiosis therabpy

A

metronidazole

biosponge

28
Q

Coronavirus clinical signs

A
fever
anorexia
lethargy
colder months
1-4 days
29
Q

Coronavirus transmission

A

fecal oral

30
Q

Coronavirus treatment

A

supportive

31
Q

Coronavirus diagnosis

A

fecal PCR

32
Q

cantharidin toxicosis clinical signs

A

increased temp, HR, RR

diarrhea, lethargy, colic

33
Q

Cantharidin toxicosis lab findings

A

decreased Ca, Mg, TP

34
Q

duration of chronic diarrhea

A

greater than one month

35
Q

chronic diarrhea diagnostic tests

A

CBC, Chem
abdomincentesis
Rectal exam
rectal biopsy

36
Q

Chronic diarrhea treatment

A

supportive fluids/NSAIDS
Deworming
withdrawal of medications

37
Q

Sand enteropathy characteristics

A

mild diarrhea

recurrent colic

38
Q

sand enteropathy treatment

A

environmental

Psyllium mucilloid

39
Q

Right dorsal colitis diagnosis

A

history
hypoalbuminemia
U/S

40
Q

Right dorsal colitis treatment

A

NO NSAID
pelleted diet
psyllium mucilloid

41
Q

Peritonitis characteristics

A

GI perforation
Iatrogenic
trauma
Post-op

42
Q

Peritonitis diagnosis

A

ab tap

U/S

43
Q

Peritonitis treatment

A
exploratory
antibiotics
lavage
NSAID
analgesics
44
Q

Proliferative enteropathy usually infects

A

older foals

45
Q

What causes proliferative enteropathy

A

lawsonia interacellularis

46
Q

L. intracellularis clinical signs

A

edema
weight loss
colic

47
Q

L. intracellularis diagnosis

A

panhypoproteinemia

Fecal PCR

48
Q

L. intracellularis treatment

A

macrolides
Chloramphenicol
tetracyclines

49
Q

What do you look at in an ultrasound in a foal

A

Umbilical structures

intestine

50
Q

meconium retention clinical signs

A

First 48 hrs of life

Dark tarry feces

51
Q

Meconium retention diagnosis

A

digital rectal

U/S

52
Q

Meconium retention treatment

A

Soapy water
IV fluids
Pain management

53
Q

What is the most common noninfectious cause of diarrhea in the first week of life

A

foal heat diarrhea

54
Q

Foal heat diarrhea

A

Non-debilitating
5-15 days of age
usually no treatment required

55
Q

Lactose intolerance

A

osmotic diarrhea in large colon

56
Q

Lactose intolerance treatment

A

withdrawal of milk

lactase supplementation

57
Q

Asphyxia

A

intolerant to feeding
severely ill foals
may colic