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Flashcards in Ethics Deck (14)
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Three types of ethical theories are

- Utilitarianism
- Deontology
- Virtue Ethics


Define ethics

What we ought to do or not to do


Define Utilitarianism

The goal of utilitarianism is to promote the greatest happiness for the greatest number


Define Deontology

Based on whether the action itself is right or wrong under a series of rules, rather then based on consequences


Define Virtue Ethics

Its person rather then action based, and looks at the person carrying out the action.


Name the two parts of Utilitarianism

- Act utilitarianism
- Rule utilitarianism


Define Act Utilitarianism

- Relates to the overall happiness
- Considered morally right if the act produces overall happiness


What are the differences between Act and Rule Utilitarianism

Act utilitarianism beliefs that the action becomes morally right if it makes the greater number of people happy, while rule utilitarianism beliefs that moral correctness of a action is based on correctness of the rule that allows it to achieve the greatest good.


Name some Virtues of a Paramedic

- Patient
- Honesty
- Integrity
- Compassion
- Care
- Courage
- Competence
- Humour


4 principles of Beauchamp and Childes are

- Autonomy - Self governed

- Beneficence - Acting in the best interests of others

- Non-maleficence - Above all do no harm

- Justice - Fairness and equality


Name the codes of why we ethical approval in research

- Nuremberg 1946
- Declaration of Geneva 1948 (dr's Oath)
- Declaration of Helsinki 1964


Ethical principles governing research involving humans should include

- Protection from Harm
- Promote benefit
- Informed Consent
- Justice


Legal framework are

- MCA 2005
- Human Tissue Act 2004
- DPA 1998
- Animals Act 1986


Name the ethical committees in the UK

- Gene Therapy Advisory Committee
- Uk Xenotransplantation Interim Regulatory Authority
- Human Fertilisation and Embryology Agency