Flashcards in Health and Social Welfare in Pre- Hospital Patients Deck (13)
Define Public Health
The science and art of promoting and protecting health and well-being, preventing ill-health and prolonging life through the organised efforts of society.
Define Social Welfare
A social welfare system provides assistance to needy individuals and families. The types and amount of welfare available to individuals and families vary depending on the country, state or region.
What is the ALMA ATA DECLERATION 1974
- International conference on primary health care. The Alma-Ata Declaration of 1978 emerged as a major milestone of the twentieth century in the field of public health, and it identified primary health care as the key to the attainment of the goal of Health for All.
- Promotion of health as a fundamental human right
Name some deterimants to health
- income and social care
- Physical environment
- Social care
What are the aims of the public health system
- Health protection
- Health Improvement
- Improving services
Name some challenges to that the public health authorities have
- aging population
- physical inactivity
- viral/antimicrobial resistance
- smoking, drugs, alcohol
- mental health
What is meant by Epidemiology
Is the study of diseases or health services and the occurrence in the population
What does Endemic mean
regularly found among particular people or in a certain area.
not normally occurring in that population of that country
a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time.
prevalent over a whole country or the world.
What is primary health care
Health care in the community for people making an initial approach to a medical practitioner for advice or treatment