Flashcards in Evidance Informed and Clinical Governance Deck (14)
Define evidance informed practise (EIF)
EIP is focused on achieving better outcomes for people and the community through improved use of evidance
Name the 7 stages of the Evidance Based Pyramid
1. Ideas, Opinions
2. Case Reports
3. Case Series
4. Case Control Studies - Pt with a condition are compared against those that do not
5. Cohort Studies
6. Randomized Controlled Studies
7. Randomised Controlled Double Blind Studies
Name the 8 types of Study technique
1. Case Study
2. Prospective Study
3. Systematic Study
4. Retrospective Study
5. Randomised Controlled Study
6. Cohort Study
7. Case - Control
8. Case Report
Define Case Study
a process or record of research into the development of a particular person, group, or situation over a period of time.
Define Prospective Study
A prospective study (sometimes called a prospective cohort study) is a type of cohort study, or group study, where participants are enrolled into the study before they develop the disease or outcome in question.
Define Systematic study
Systematic study is a pursuit of knowledge that is methodical; carried on by using step-by-step procedures.
Define Retrospective Study
the outcome of interest has already occurred at the time the study is initiated.
Randomised Controlled Trial is
A study in which people are allocated at random (by chance alone) to receive one of several clinical interventions.
Define Cohort Study
The study groups follow a group of people who do not have the disease for a period of time and see who develops the disease
Define Case Control study
A study that compares patients who have a disease or outcome of interest (cases) with patients who do not have the disease or outcome (controls),
What does PICO stand for
P - Population
I - Intervention
C - Comparison
O - Outcome
Define Clinical Governance and Audit
Clinical governance is “a system through which NHS organisations are accountable for continuously improving the quality of their services and safeguarding high standards of care by creating an environment in which excellence in clinical care will flourish.
Name some Independent Inspection Bodies
- Commision for Health Improvement
- NICE Guidelines
- National Patient Safety Agency (NPSA)