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Flashcards in Ethiopia Deck (11):
1

What region is Ethiopia in?

Sahel region of Eastern africa

2

What is it classified as in terms of the 5 fold division of wealth?

Highly Indebted Poor Country

3

What year did the famine happen?

1984

4

Physical causes of the famine? (2)

-since 1970 Sahel region received less than av. rainfall
-1980: drought became so severe//climatic hazard//people could no longer be supported by the land

5

Human causes of famine? (4)

- Civil war used up 1/3rd of govt money
- Colonel Menghistu refused aid as famine area was in the battle grounds of civil war
- C.Menghistu spent $100million on his 10 year reign
- Mrs Thatcher cut back on aid and because Ethiopia wasn't part of the colony she didn't help

6

Where did the people flee to?

Korem (refugee camps) northern Ethiopia

7

How many people died?

500,000

8

What short term aid? (3)

-1984 food aid and medical aid
-£15 million raised by UK disasters Emergency committee
-£110 million raised by Ethiopian Emergency Relief (Band Aid)

9

What Long term aid?

- Development aid in 1990's:
planting drought resistant crops// providing loans for buying tools+setting up business

10

How much money was raised by the UK disasters emergency committee? (1984)

£15 million

11

How much was raised by the Ethiopian Emergency relief fund from the Live Aid concert(1985) 'Do they know its Christmas?'

£110 million