One Child Policy Flashcards Preview

Human Geography > One Child Policy > Flashcards

Flashcards in One Child Policy Deck (31):
1

Who created the law?

Deng Xiaoping

2

What year did the law come into practice?

1979

3

In 1949 who was in power?

Chairman Mao

4

What was the population in 1949?

550 million

5

What was the population in 1970's?

increased 71% 940 million

6

Were people in favour of the OCP?

9/10 were not in favour for it, however outside gvt's applauded it

7

How many births were prevented as a result?

400 million

8

When did the catastrophic famine take place?

1959-1961

9

How many deaths did the famine cause?

35 million

10

What did the OCP state?

-must not marry until late 20's
-must have one successful pregnancy
-must be sterilised after first child or abortion

11

What incentives were offered to encourage the scheme?

-receive a 5-10% salary rise
-priority housing, pension
-free education and healthcare
-family benefits

12

If disobeying?

-10% salary cut
-demotion from a government job
-fine so large it would bankrupt most households
-not allowed to become Chinese citizens

13

What exceptions were made?

rural areas where sons are essential to work a second child was allowed if first was a girl

14

What are the Granny Police?

old women who were paid to look for second child or illegally pregnant women

15

What fundamental flaws did the policy have?

-unfair for different classes
-forced abortions
-infanticide
-birth roulette

16

Why was the policy unfair for different classes?

-rural families sons to stay with them

17

What was happening in 1983?

44 thousand abortions a day// 16 million in total

18

What happened to resisting women?

tortured, sedated then sterilised

19

What is 'China's lost girls'?

girls were unwanted and so were either killed or put in orphanages

20

What is the ratio of boys to girls in China?

120:100

21

How many children died in orphanages due to inadequate staffing and resources?

9/10

22

What are the positive effects of the OCP?

-forecast famine hasn't happened
-growth slowed sufficiently for people to have enough food and jobs
-singe children ensures good education// future gen talented
-increased technology has increased standard of living
-many lifted out of poverty//wealthier nation

23

Fertility rate change?

5.7 to 1.8

24

What are the negative effects of the OCP?

-social instability
-gender imbalance

25

How many men aged between 20 and 45 will be unable to find a wife?

1/10

26

What is the name given to the spoilt kids?

Little Emperors

27

How many people in China are still living on less than $2 a day?

600 million

28

What is the 4.2.1 problem?

1 child has to take care of 2 parents and 4 grandparents due to sudden distortion

29

What is the figure for Syphilis as a result of gender imbalance?

6.5 per 100,000

30

What percentage of people are over 60 in Shanghai?

22%

31

What has changed since 1990?

-relaxation in system(if both couple is only child, 2nd child is allowed)
-increase in wealth(people are able to pay fine for 2nd child
-attitudes towards girls changed(women have more oppurtunities)
-promoting adoption