Flashcards in Tourism Deck (18):
What is mass tourism?
When large numbers of tourists come to one destination (development and consolidation)
What is extreme tourism?
Tourism that involves travelling to to challenging places and participating in dangerous activities
What is eco-tourism?
Environmentally friendly tourism where the people involved seek to protect the environment as much as possible to allow for some level of education as well
How much money was made worldwide in 2007 from tourism?
How many international arrivals were there in 1950?
How many international arrivals were there in 2005?
How many international arrivals are there expected in 2020?
What are some social factors which increased tourism?
-expansion of holiday choice
-easier access(long haul flights)
-life expectancy increasing/retiring faster
What are some economic factors that increased tourism?
-more disposable income
-2 working parents
-all inclusive, package holidays
What is the first stage of the Butler tourist life cycle model?
-small numbers of visitors due to beaches, history or natural beauty
-locals have not yet developed tourist facilities
What is the second stage of the Butler tourist life cycle model?
-locals see opportunities and provide accommodation, food ,transports and guides
What is the third stage of the Butler tourist life cycle model?
-large companies start to exploit the area by building hotels, advertising package holidays
-numbers increase rapidly
-job opportunities start to grow
What is the fourth stage of the Butler tourist life cycle model?
-major part of countries economy
-employment is more secure
-rowdiness becomes a problem
-some facilities become rundown
What is the fifth stage of the Butler tourist life cycle model?
-resort becomes unfashionable
-numbers of visitors decline
-businesses often fail
What happens in rejuvenation?
attempts are made to modernise the resort and attract different people to enjoy new things
What happens in decline?
visitors prefer other resorts and day trippers and weekender's become main tourists
What are some advantages to tourism?
-gain knowledge and awareness about fragile ecosystems and cultures
-new infrastructure brought in such as airports, hotels, roads