Tourism Flashcards Preview

Human Geography > Tourism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Tourism Deck (18):
1

What is mass tourism?

When large numbers of tourists come to one destination (development and consolidation)

2

What is extreme tourism?

Tourism that involves travelling to to challenging places and participating in dangerous activities

3

What is eco-tourism?

Environmentally friendly tourism where the people involved seek to protect the environment as much as possible to allow for some level of education as well

4

How much money was made worldwide in 2007 from tourism?

$500 billion

5

How many international arrivals were there in 1950?

25 million

6

How many international arrivals were there in 2005?

806 million

7

How many international arrivals are there expected in 2020?

1.6 billion

8

What are some social factors which increased tourism?

-fewer children
-expansion of holiday choice
-easier access(long haul flights)
-increased awareness
-life expectancy increasing/retiring faster

9

What are some economic factors that increased tourism?

-more disposable income
-2 working parents
-all inclusive, package holidays
-cheaper

10

What is the first stage of the Butler tourist life cycle model?

Exploration:
-small numbers of visitors due to beaches, history or natural beauty
-locals have not yet developed tourist facilities

11

What is the second stage of the Butler tourist life cycle model?

Involvement:
-locals see opportunities and provide accommodation, food ,transports and guides

12

What is the third stage of the Butler tourist life cycle model?

Development:
-large companies start to exploit the area by building hotels, advertising package holidays
-numbers increase rapidly
-job opportunities start to grow

13

What is the fourth stage of the Butler tourist life cycle model?

Consolidation:
-major part of countries economy
-employment is more secure
-rowdiness becomes a problem
-some facilities become rundown

14

What is the fifth stage of the Butler tourist life cycle model?

Stagnation:
-resort becomes unfashionable
-numbers of visitors decline
-businesses often fail

15

What happens in rejuvenation?

attempts are made to modernise the resort and attract different people to enjoy new things

16

What happens in decline?

visitors prefer other resorts and day trippers and weekender's become main tourists

17

What are some advantages to tourism?

-gain knowledge and awareness about fragile ecosystems and cultures
-new infrastructure brought in such as airports, hotels, roads
-make revenue

18

What are some disadvantages to tourism?

-disrupt natural beauty and become ruined
-pollution in noise, air and litter
-locals may not be able to afford to live and house prices would rise
-lose culture