Evidence for Evolution Flashcards Preview

AP Biology 2014 > Evidence for Evolution > Flashcards

Flashcards in Evidence for Evolution Deck (11):
1

Name one method scientists use to study evolution.

Answers may vary: Paleontology, Biogeography, Embryology, Comparative anatomy, or Molecular biology

2

What does paleontology reveal?

Prehistoric existance of extinct species and formation of new species

3

Name one different method scientists use to study evolution.

Answers may vary: Paleontology, Biogeography, Embryology, Comparative anatomy, or Molecular biology

4

Which method uses geography to describe the distribution of species all of the world?

Biogeography

5

Give an example of embryology. 

Answers may vary: gill slits and tails found in fish, chicken, pigs and humans

6

What does embryology reveal about evolution?

Similarities in embryos among different species and establishes evolutionary relationships

7

What are the two types of structures used to compare species anatomies? 

Homologous structures and Analogous structures

8

True or False: Analogous structures are body parts that resemble one another in different species because they come from a common ancestor. 

FASLE - they have similar body parts due to adaptations for their specific environment

9

What examines the nucleotides and amino acid of DNA sequences and proteins from different species?

Molecular Biology

10

True or False: All living things share the same genetic code (with minor variations) and same basic biochemical pathways. 

TRUE

11

Which method do you think can show the most evidence for evolution? Explain why.

Answers will vary.