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Microbes include what categories?

Bacteria
Fungi (yeast & molds)
Protozoa
Algae
Viruses
Noncellular entities

1

Marine and freshwater microbes form the basis of what?

Food chain in oceans, lakes, and rivers

2

Humans need microbes in their intestines for what?

Digestion
Synthesis of vitamins ( b and k)

3

What is nomenclature?

System for naming organisms

4

What are the two terms used for nomenclature and their properties?

First word: genus (always caped)
Second : specific epithet (species name) (not capped)

5

Prokaryotes include what and why?
*****

Bacteria (no membrane around genetic material)
Archaea (

6

What is binary fission?

Process of reproducing by dividing into two equal cells

7

What are the 3 subspecies of Archaea and their properties?

1. Methanogens (produce methane)
2. Extreme halophiles (salty environment)
3. Extreme thermophiles (live in hot sulfurous water)

8

Archaea is not know to cause..?

Disease in humans

9

What are the common shapes of bacteria?

1. Bacillus (rodlike)
2. Coccus (spherical or oval)
3. Spiral (corkscrew)

10

Describe eukaryotes

Nucleus surrounded by protective envelope containing DNA

11

What is mycelia?

Visible masses of molds

12

How does fungi reproduce?

Sexually or asexually

13

How do bacteria reproduce?

Binary fission

14

Protozoa are what type of microbe?

Unicellular eukaryotic

15

How do Protozoa move?

Pseudopods, flagella, and cilia

16

How do Protozoa reproduce?

Sexually or asexually

17

What type of microbe is algae?

What shape?

What cellular?

Photosynthetic eukaryotes

Wide variety of shapes

Unicellular

18

How does algae reproduce

Sexually and asexually

19

What is the cell wall of algae consist of?

A carbohydrate called cellulose

20

What cellular is a virus?

acellular (not cellular)

21

What cellular is fungi

Can be both unicellular or multicellular

22

A virus has what as it's core?

A core only made up of one type of nuclei acid either DNA or RNA

23

What surrounds the nucleic acid in a virus?

protein which is sometimes encased by a lipid membrane

24

Animal parasites are what cellular?

Multicellular

25

Animal parasites are what kind of microbe?

Eukaryotes

26

What are the two major groups of animal parasites?

Flat worm
Round worm

27

What are both groups of the animal parasite collectively called?

Helminths

28

taxonomy

Categorizing organisms

29

Systematic or phylogeny

Study of the evolutionary history of organisms

30

The 3 call types are based on what?

Ribosomes

31

What are the three domains?

Bacteria
Archaea
Ekarya

32

According to the endosymbiotic theory which cell type came first?

Prokaryotic

33

Animals,
Plants,
And fungi are all part of what domain?

Eukarya

34

What kind of cells are in the archaea domain?

Pro cells that lack peptidoglycan

Methanogens
Extreme halophiles
Hyperthermophiles

35

A group of closely related organisms that breed among themselves

Species

36

A group of similar families

Order

37

Related genera

Family

38

Group of similar orders

Class

39

Related classes

Phylum

40

All phyla that are related

Kingdom

41

All related kingdoms

Domain

42

Morphological characteristics means what

Structural characteristics

43

Serology

Studies serum and immune responses that are evident in the serum

44

Slide agglutination test

Samples of an unknown bacterium are placed on a slide with a known antiserum then identification can be made to the bacteria that clumps