Exam 1-Bone Surface Features Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1-Bone Surface Features Deck (27):
1

What are the four basic surface feature categories?

elevations, depressions, tunnels or passageways and facets

2

What are the types of osseous elevations?

linear, round, or sharp

3

What are the types of osseous linear elevation?

the line, ridge,and crest

4

What is an example of the slightest type of osseous linear elevation?

transverse lines of the sternum

5

What are the types of rounded osseous elevations?

tubercle, trochanter, protuberance, tuber or tuberosity, and malleolus.

6

What is the definition of an osseous malleolus?

a hammerhead-like elevation of the surface of bone

7

What are the categories of sharp osseous elevations?

spine and process

8

What is the definition of the osseous elevation called "spine"?

a thorn-like elevation from the surface of bone

9

What is the definition of an osseous process?

a relatively sharp bony projection from the surfaceof bone with an increased length

10

What are the categories of osseous depressions?

liner and rounded depression

11

What are the catgories of osseous linear depressions?

notch or incisure, groove, and sulcus

12

What is the definition of an osseous groove?

a long furrow of variabble depth on the surface of the bone

13

What is the definition of an osseous sulcus?

a wide groove of variable length and depth on the surface of bone

14

What are the categories of rounded osseous depressions?

the fovea and fossa

15

What is the definition of an osseous fovea?

a shallow depression of variable circumference on the surface of bone

16

What is the definiton of an osseous fossa?

a deep depression of variable circumference of the surface of bone

17

What are the names given to openings on the surface of bone?

ostium or orifice and hiatus

18

What is the definition of an osseous hiatus?

an irregular opening on the surface of bone

19

What are the names given to osseous ostia which completely penetrate bone?

foramen or canal

20

What is the defintion of an osseous foramen?

an ostium passing completely through a thin region of bone

21

What is the defintion of an osseous canal?

an ostium passing completely through a thick region of bone

22

What is the name given to an ostium which does not completely penetrate through a region of bone but appears as a blind-ended passageway?

meatus

23

What is the defintion of an osseous fissure?

an irregular slit-like or crack-like appearance between the surfaces of adjacent bones

24

What are the categories of ossesous facets?

flat and rounded facets

25

What are examples of a flat osseous facet?

the articular facets of most zygapophyses of the vertebral column

26

What are the categories of rounded osseous facets?

articular heads and articular condyles

27

What is the definition of an osseous condyle

a knuckle-shaped surface on bone for articulation