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Flashcards in Exam 1-Spinal Cord Deck (19):
1

In horizontal veiw, what direction of the spinal cord tends to be largest?

transverse

2

What are the spinal cord enlargement locations and the name given to each?

C3-T1, the cervical enlargement; T9-T12 the lumbar (lumbosacral) enlargement

3

Where is the greatest transverse diameter of the spinal cord?

C6

4

In which plane (or direction) will the diameter of the spinal decrease from C2-T11?

midsagittal or anterior-posterior plane

5

What is a generic cord level of origin - vertebral level combination for the lumbar (lumbosacral) enlargement?

L1, L2 cord levels in T9 vertebra; L3,L4 cord levels in T10 vertebra; L5, S1 cord levels in T11 vertebra; S2, S3 cord levels in T12 vertebra

6

What is the caudal end of the spinal cord called?

conus medullaris

7

What spinal nerves originate from the conus medullaris?

typicaly S4, S5,and Co1

8

In which vertebral foramen will the conus medullaris typically be observed?

L1

9

What is the name given to the nerve roots below L1?

cauda equina

10

What is the continuation of pia mater below the conus medularis called?

filum terminale internum

11

What is the location and name given to the area where all meningesfirst converge at the caudal part of the vertebral column?

typically S2, the duralcul de sac

12

Neural tissue has been identified in what part of the filum terminale?

proximal part of the filum terminale internum

13

What is the fate of the neural tisssue identified along the filum ternminal internum?

it joins the peripheral nerve roots of spinal nerves as high as L3 and as low as S4

14

What does the nerual tissue associated with the filum terminale externum appear to innervate?

lower limbs and the external anal sphincter

15

The last arterial vasa corona creates what feature on angiogram?

cruciate anastomosis

16

What is the name given to the condensation of meninges below S2?

filum terminale externum

17

What is the name given to the caudal attachment of the meninges?

coccygeal medullary vestige

18

What is the name given to the condition in which the conus medullaris is located below L1 and the filum terminale is thickened?

tethered cord syndrome

19

What is the relationship between scoliosis and tethered cord syndrome?

it is suggested that the column will change normal curvatures to mitigate damage to the spinal cord