Exam 1-Cervical Region Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1-Cervical Region Deck (42):
1

Which mammals have more than seven cervical vertebra?

ant bear, 3-toed sloth

2

Which mammals have less than seven cervical vertebra?

2-toed sloth and manatee

3

Whcih vertebra are typical cervicals?

C3-C6

4

Whuch vertebra are atypical vertebra?

C1, C2, C7

5

What is the shape of the typical cervical vertebra body from the cranial view?

rectangular

6

What is the apperacnce of the typical cervical vertebral body from the lateral view?

posterior height is greater than anterior height by a few millimeters

7

What would be the direction of the cervical curve based on osseous features?

posterior or kypohotic

8

What accounts for the direction of the typical cervical curve?

the intervertebral disc height

9

What is the direction of the typical cervical curve?

anterior or lordotic

10

At which vertebral couple will the cervical curve again increase intervertebral disc height?

C5/C6

11

What is the effect of againg on the cervical vertebral body?

it diminishes the overall height of the vertebral body

12

What are the modifications of the superior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?

anterior groove, posterior groove, and right and left uncincate processes

13

What are the names of the alteral modificiation of the superior epiphyseal rim?

uncinate process, unciform process, uncovertebral process, uncus or lateral lip

14

At what developmental age will the uncinate process first be observed?

3rd-4th fetal month

15

What are the modifications of the inferior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?

anterior lip, posterior lip, and right and left lateral grooves

16

What is the joint classificaiton for the anterior lip-anterior groove articulation?

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

17

What is the joint classification for the uncinate process-lateral groove articulation?

modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar)

18

List, in order, the osseous parts of the typical cervical vertebra transverse process beginning at the vertebral body

costal element, anterior tubercle, costotransverse bar, posterior tubercle, true transverse process

19

what muscles will attach to the anterior tubercle of a typical cervical vertebra?

anterior scalene, longus capitis, longus colli, anterior intetransversarii

20

What muscles may attach to the posterior tubercle of a typical cervical vertebra?

splenius capitis, ilicostalis cervicis, longissimus cervicis, levator scapula, middle scalene, posteior scalene, rotates, and posteior intertransversarii

21

What muscles will attachto the costotransverse bar?

middle scalene and posterior intertransversarii

22

What is the name given to the collective rib-forming region?

the pleurapophysis

23

What is the name given to the superior margin of the costotransverse bar?

sulcus for the ventral primary ramus of a cervical spinal nerve

24

What is the orientation and angulation of a typical cervical transverse process?

60 degress anterolaterally (from midsagittal plane), 15 degress inferiorly (from the horizontal plane)

25

What is the name given to the modification of the anterior tubercle of the C6 transverse process?

the carotid tubercle

26

What will cause remodeling of the anterior tubercle at C6?

the commone carotid artery

27

What will occupy the typical cervical vertebra transverse foramen?

the vertebral artery, vertebral venous plexus and postganglionic sympathetic motor nerve fibers

28

What is the name of the surface feature observed between the ends of the articular pillar?

the groove/sulcus for the dorsal ramus of a cervical spinal nerve

29

What is the classic angulation of typical cervical vertebra?

40-45 degress from the coronal plane

30

Recent work suggests what angulation for a typical cervical articular facet?

55-60 degrees

31

What is the orientation of the typical cervical superior articular facet?

backward, upward, and medial (BUM)

32

What is the orientation of the typical cervical inferior articular facet?

forward, lateral and downward (FoLD)

33

What muscles will attach to typical cervical articular processes?

longissumis capitis, longissimus cervicis, semispinalis capitis, semispinalis cervicis, multifidus, and rotators

34

What muscles blend with the capsular ligament of cervical zygapophyses?

the semispinalis capitis, multifidus, and rotator longus

35

The greatest range of flexion-extensionamong the typical cervical vertebrae occurs at which vertebral couple?

typically C5/6

36

What motions are coupled in the cervical spine?

lateral bending and axial rotation

37

Ranges of coupled motion among the typical cervical vertebrae will be similar for what cervical vertbral couples?

the C2/3, C3/4, C4/5 vertebral couples

38

Ranges of coupled motion among the typical cervical vertebrae will begin to decrease at what cervical vertebral couple?

the C5/6 vertebral couple

39

What is the usual condition for the Caucasion typical cervical spinous process?

they are bifid

40

What is the usual condition for the African-American typical cervical spinous process?

they are non-bifid

41

What muscles may attach to the typical cervical spinous process?

the spinalis cervicis, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis thoracis, multifidus, rotators, and interspinalis

42

What forms the unique anterior boundary of the intervertebral foreamen for the C4 spinal nerve?

the lateral groove of C3 and uncinate process of C4 forming the joint of Luschka