Exam 1-Bone Classification Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1-Bone Classification Deck (14):
1

What are the six more commonly used classifications of normal bone?

long bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones, paranasal or pneumatic bones, and sesamoid bones

2

What are the classifications given to abnormal bone stressed in spinal amatomy?

heterotopic bone and accessory bone

3

What is the name given to bone formed in non-bone locations?

heterotopic bone

4

What is the name given to bone formed from existing bone?

accessory bone

5

What are the names given to parts of a long bone?

the diaphysis (shaft), and typically two epiphyses (extremeties)

6

What are the primary characteristics of short bones?

They are essentially cuboidal

7

What are examples of short bones?

Most of the bones of the carpus and tarsus

8

What are flat bones?

a thin layer of spongy bone is sandwiched between two layers of compact bone

9

What are examples of flat bones?

The parietal bone and sternum

10

What are examples of pneumatic bones?

frontal, ethmoid, maxilla, sphenoid, and temporal bones

11

What bones contain paranasal sinuses?

frontal, ethmoid, maxilla, and sphenoid

12

What is the characteristic of sesamoid bone?

the bone develops within a tendon

13

What are examples of heterotopic bones?

calcific deposits in the pineal gland, heart, and ligaments

14

What are examples of accessory bones?

para-articular processes and bony spurs of vertebrae