exam 1 (electrolytes, TPN, obesity, pediatric nutrition) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in exam 1 (electrolytes, TPN, obesity, pediatric nutrition) Deck (178)
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1

Vitamin C deficiency

Scurvy -- connective tissue dysfunction

2

Vitamin A deficiency

Night blindness

3

Vitamin D deficiency

Ricketts or osteomalacia

4

Thiamin deficiency

Beriberi -- muscle weakness/atrophy

5

Riboflavin deficiency

Skin breakouts

6

Niacin deficiency

Pellagra (dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia). alcoholics

7

Pyridoxine (Vit B6) deficiency

Mild--mood disorders. Severe -- neuropathy/convulsions

8

Folic acid deficiency

Anemia, birth defects, esp pregnant women and alcoholics

9

Zn deficiency

Poor growth, healing, immune response, sexual development

10

Glucose transporter influenced by insulin

GLUT4

11

Glucose transporter in liver

GLUT2

12

Glucose transporter in brain

GLUT3

13

Caloric intake for preterm infant

100-120+ kcal/kg/day

14

Caloric intake for infant 0-6 mos

100-110 kcal/kg/day

15

Caloric intake for infant 6-12 most

90-100 kcal/kg/day

16

Caloric intake for child 1-7 yrs

60-80 kcal/kg/day

17

Protein intake for preterm infant

3.5-4 g/kg/day

18

Protein intake for infant 0-6 mos

2-3 g/kg/day

19

Protein intake for infant 6-12 mos

1.5-2 g/kg/day

20

Protein intake for child 1-7 yrs

1-2 g/kg/day

21

Fluid requirements for infant 0-3 kg

120 mL/kg/day

22

Fluid requirements for infant 3-10 kg

100 mL/kg/day

23

Fluid requirements for infant 11-20 kg

1000 mL/day + 50 mL/kg/day

24

Fluid requirements for infant >20 kg

1500 mL/day + 20 mL/kg/day

25

Caloric density of breastmilk

20 kcal/ounce

26

Wt loss goal for pt BMI >30 or >25 w comorbidity

5-10% over 6 most without regain

27

Who is bariatric surgery recommended for?

Pt BMI >40 or >35 w comorbidity

28

Noradrenergic agent important points

For short-term management, potential for abuse, watch out if cardiovascular issues--tends to aggravate

29

Orlistat Xenical and Alli important points

Causes oily stools through mechanism of action, bad if absorptive issues already, good for T2DM or HLD patients

30

Lorcaserin (Belviq) important points

Suppresses appetite thru serotonin pathways, good tolerability and dosing schedule, lower weight loss