Exam 1-Embryology of the Vertebral Column Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1-Embryology of the Vertebral Column Deck (24):
1

When does the embryonic disc form?

second week in utero

2

When does gastrulation occur or 3-layered embryo form?

third week in utero

3

Invagination of ectoderm along the primitive streak gives rise to what embryonic structure?

notochord

4

What is the name given to the mesoderm that will give rise to the vertebral column?

paraxial mesoderm

5

What embryonic structure gives rise to the somites?

paraxial mesoderm

6

Name the areas of cellular differentiation formed within the somites

sclerotome, myotome,and dermatome

7

What are the names of the successive vertebral columns formed during development?

membranous, cartilaginous, skeletal or osseous

8

Migration of a somite pair to surround the notochord forms what developmental feature?

the perichordal blastema

9

The perichordal blastema gives rise to what processes?

neural and costal processes

10

What is the name of the artery located between adjacent perichordal blastema?

intersegmental artery

11

What forms between the sclerotomites of a perichordal blastema?

the intrasclerotomal fissure (fissure of von Ebner)

12

The intrascleratomal fissure (fissure of von Ebner) gives rise to what developmental feature?

the perichordal disc

13

The union of a dense caudal sclerotomite and a loose cranial sclerotomite from adjacent perichordal blastema gives rise to what feature?

the vertebral blastema

14

What vessel will be identified adjacent to the vertebral blastema?

the segmental artery

15

When will cartilage first form in the membranous vertebral blastema?

beginning in the 6th embryonic week

16

What is the name given to the replacement of mesoderm by cartilage?

chondrification

17

What are the names given to the center of chondrification within the vertebral blastema?

centrum center, neural arch center, transverse process center

18

How many centers of chondrification typically appear in the vertebral blastema?

six...2 for the centrum, 2 for the neural arch, and2 for each transverse process

19

What is the earliest time that centers of ossification appear in the cartilaginous vertebra?

during the 7th embryonic week

20

What is name given to centers of ossification based on time of appearance?

primary centers appear in utero, secondary centers appear after birth

21

What is the ratio of primary to secondary centers of ossification for a typical vertebrae?

3 primary centers: 5 secondary centers

22

What are the names of the primary centers of ossification for a typical vertebrae?

centrum centers and neural arch centers

23

What are the names/locations of the five secondary centers of ossification for a typical vertebra?

tip of the transverse process, tip of the spinous process, epiphyseal plate centers

24

What is the range of appearance for secondary centers of ossification of a typical vertebra?

during puberty, typically ages 11-16 years old