Exam #1: Neurotransmitters Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam #1: Neurotransmitters Deck (20):
1

What neurotransmitters are classified as small molecule transmitters?

ACh
Amino acids
Purines
Biogenic amines

2

What neurotransmitters classify as amino acids?

GABA
Glycine
Glutamate
Aspartate

3

What neurotransmitters classify as purines?

ATP
Adenosine

4

What neurotransmitters classify as biogenic amines?

Catecholamines (DA, NE, Epi)
5-HT
Histamine

5

What neurotransmitters are classified as neuroreactive peptides?

Opioid peptides
Substance P
Vasopressin
Oxytocin
VIP-related peptides

6

What are the three endogenous opioid peptide families?

Endorphins
Enkephalins
Dynorphins

7

What is the gasseous neurotransmitter?

NO

8

How are endocannabinoids produced?

Enzymatic degradation of membrane lipids

9

What are the endocannabinoid receptors?

CB1 & CB2

10

What does adenosine bind to?

A-type purinergic receptors

11

What is the general effect of adenosine?

CNS depression

12

What receptor does ATP bind to?

P-type purinergic receptors

13

What are the glutamate receptors?

mGluRs
NMDA
AMPA

14

What does glycine bind to?

Cl- channel

15

What does GABA bind to?

GABA-A & GABA-B receptors

16

What receptors does Histamine bind to?

H1, 2, 3, & 4

17

What does serotonin bind to?

5-HT receptors

18

Does NE have a greater affinity for alpha or beta adrenergic receptors?

alpha

19

Does Epi have a greater affinity for alpha or beta adrenergic receptors?

beta

20

What are the two types of receptors that ACh can bind to?

Nicotinic & muscarinic

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