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Flashcards in exam 2 Deck (21)
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1

bony and cartilaginous parts that support and protect the organs of the head, neck, and trunk; includes skull, hyoid bone, vertebral column, sternum, ribs

axial

2

bones of the limbs and associated bones that anchor the limbs and skeleton; includes pectoral girdle (scapula and clavicle), arms and hands, pelvic girdle, legs and feet

appendicular

3

longer than they are wide; function as levers (arm and leg bones)

long bones

4

cube shaped; found in confined spaces; function to transfer forces (wrist and ankle bones)

short bones

5

broad, dense surface for muscle attachment or protection of underlying organs (ribs, scapula, skull)

flat bones

6

varied shaped for muscle attachment or articulation (vertebrae, facial bones)

irregular bones

7

standing or lying flat, palms out (up); can be used to determine relative bone position

anatomical position

8

an interlocking line of union between bones

suture

9

any prominent projection on a bone

process

10

a flattened or shallow surface or depression

fossa

11

a large, round articulating knob

condyle

12

a rounded opening through a bone (usually for the passage of nerves, blood vessels or ligaments)

foramen

13

prominent, rounded enlargement on the end of a bone

head

14

usually rounded knob above a condyle

epicondyle

15

an air-filled space within a bone (in 4 bones: frontal, maxillary, sphenoid, ethmoid)

sinus

16

closer to the midpoint of the body

proximal

17

farther from the midpoint of the body

distal

18

closer to the head

superior

19

farther from the head

inferior

20

closer to the midline of the body

medial

21

farther from the midline of the body

lateral