exam 5 Flashcards Preview

Bio 221 Lab > exam 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in exam 5 Deck (47)
Loading flashcards...
1

erythrocytes

RBC; transport oxygen and carbon dioxide

2

leukocytes function

white blood cells

3

neutrophil

most abundant WBC; phagocytize pathogens or debris; abundance could mean bacterial infection

4

lymphocytes

second most abundant WBC; immune response by direct cell attack or by antibody production

5

monocyte

3rd most abundant WBC; develop into macrophages in tissues and phagocytize pathogens; abundance could mean chronic infection

6

eosinophil

4th most abundant WBC; kill parasitic worms; slightly phagocytic; role in allergy and asthma; abundance could mean allergic reaction

7

basophil

least abundant WBC; release histamine and other mediators of inflammation; contain anticoagulant

8

what are the agranulocytes

lymphocyte and monocyte

9

what are the granulocytes

neutrophil, eosinophil, basophil

10

nucleus is multilobed

neutrophil

11

nucleus is bilobed

eosinophil

12

nucleus bilobed; large blue cytoplasmic granules

basophil

13

nucleus takes up the whole cell

lymphocyte

14

nucleus is U or kidney shaped; blue cytoplasm

monocyte

15

Order from most abundant to least

Neutrophil
Lymphocytes
Monocytes
Eosinophil
Basophil

16

bladder

holds the urine

17

urethra

tube leaving the bladder

18

testicle

outside the body cavity; site of sperm formation

19

scrotum

surrounds the testicle

20

penis

surrounds the urethra

21

prostate gland

surrounds the urethra; secretes a milky fluid into the urethra to activate the sperm

22

cowper's gland (bulbourethral gland)

at the base of the penis; secretes alkaline substance; helps to wash residual urine out of urethra and helps buffer the sperm against the acidity of the vaginal tract

23

vas defrens

tube that carries the sperm from the testes inside the abdominal cavity; on the model you see the ejaculatory duct inside of prostate gland

24

uterus

on top of the bladder; where implantation of the fertilized egg occurs

25

cervix

opening to the uterus; dilates during childbirth

26

ovary

contains eggs

27

fallopian tube

tube between ovary and uterus; where fertilization occurs

28

vagina

birth canal

29

urethra

tube exiting the bladder

30

bladder

holds the urine

31

what does HIV stand for

human immunodeficiency virus

32

where is HIV found

semen, blood, vaginal and anal fluids, and breast milk

33

is AIDS a virus?

no

34

what does AIDS stand for

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

35

AIDS is

referred to as advanced HIV infection

36

what is bowmans capsule lined with

simple squamous epithelium

37

epididymis

where the sperm mature

38

what is cut when a man has a vasectomy

vas deferens

39

what does the seminal vesicle add

fluid to the sperm to create semen

40

what does P represent on ecg/ekg chart

atrial depolarization

41

what does QRS represent

ventricle depolarization

42

how does HIV spread>

exchange of bodily fluids

43

What virus is AIDS caused by?

HIV

44

when does the virus set in?

when immune system is weak

45

what has to be present to tell if we have HIV

antibodies

46

what was the chemical used to simulate HIV

NaOH

47

when phenolphthalein is dropped in test tube, if it turned pink what did that represent

the presence of antibodies