Exam 2 - DASH Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 2 - DASH Deck (36):
1

What is blood pressure? What is normal blood pressure?

Blood pressure is the measure of the force of blood against the walls of the arteries.

Normal BP is

2

What is blood pressure? What is normal blood pressure?

Blood pressure is the measure of the force of blood against the walls of the arteries.

Normal BP is

3

What is hypertension? What can it lead to?

Persistently high blood pressure.

Occurs in 1/2 U.S. Adults

AKA as the Silent Killer

Can lead to:
1. Heart Attack
2. Stroke
3. Kidney Disease
4. Congestive Heart Failure

4

How do you spot a stroke? What is the acronym?

FAST

F- Face Drooping
A- Arm Weakness
S- Speech Difficulty
T- Time to Call 911

5

What is normal blood pressure?

6

What is pre-hypertensive?

120-139/80-89

7

What is stage 3 hypertension?

> 180 / > 110

(Or equal to)

8

What are the two types of hypertensions?

1. Primary/Essential/Idiopathic

2. Seconday

9

What is the most common type of hypertension?

Primary Hypertension accounts for 95% of all cases.

10

What is primary hypertension influenced by?

Diet and Lifestyle

11

What is the most common cause for secondary hypertension?

Kidney Disease is the greatest cause

12

What is DASH?

Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension

Following the DASH diet and reducing sodium intake will result in lowering blood pressure and may help prevent hypertension.

13

What are the 4 DASH diet concepts?

1. Low in saturated fats, cholesterol, and total fat; these are the heart healthy guidelines.

2. Emphasizes fruits, vegetables, fat-free, and low-fat dairy.

3. Includes whole grains, fish, poultry, and nuts.

4. Reduced quantities of lean red meats, sweets, added sugars, and sugar-containing beverages.

14

During the DASH study through NHLBI, they found that the biggest drop in blood pressure was at what amount of sodium?

1,500mg

15

What are some other outcomes when following a DASH program?

TC?
LDL?
HDL?

Lowers TC, LDL, and HDL.

However, the net effect is still a decreased risk of CVD.

16

What three minerals are associated with lower BP? What are their quantities?

Potassium -> 4,700mg
Magnesium -> 500 mg
Calcium -> 1,240

17

How much sodium should you aim for daily? How much potassium?

Sodium -> 1,500 mg
Potassium -> 2,700 mg

18

What does the dash diet have more of compared to a USDA eating pattern?

It may have more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

19

What are some ways to reducing sodium in a product?

Use herbs and spices in place of salt
Taste before salting
Add little or no salt at the table
Read labels
Select low-sodium or salt-free products

20

What is hypertension? What can it lead to?

Persistently high blood pressure.

Occurs in 1/2 U.S. Adults

AKA as the Silent Killer

Can lead to:
1. Heart Attack
2. Stroke
3. Kidney Disease
4. Congestive Heart Failure

21

How do you spot a stroke? What is the acronym?

FAST

F- Face Drooping
A- Arm Weakness
S- Speech Difficulty
T- Time to Call 911

22

What is normal blood pressure?

23

What is pre-hypertensive?

120-139/80-89

24

What is stage 3 hypertension?

> 180 / > 110

(Or equal to)

25

What are the two types of hypertensions?

1. Primary/Essential/Idiopathic

2. Seconday

26

What is the most common type of hypertension?

Primary Hypertension accounts for 95% of all cases.

27

What is primary hypertension influenced by?

Diet and Lifestyle

28

What is the most common cause for secondary hypertension?

Kidney Disease is the greatest cause

29

What is DASH?

Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension

Following the DASH diet and reducing sodium intake will result in lowering blood pressure and may help prevent hypertension.

30

What are the 4 DASH diet concepts?

1. Low in saturated fats, cholesterol, and total fat; these are the heart healthy guidelines.

2. Emphasizes fruits, vegetables, fat-free, and low-fat dairy.

3. Includes whole grains, fish, poultry, and nuts.

4. Reduced quantities of lean red meats, sweets, added sugars, and sugar-containing beverages.

31

During the DASH study through NHLBI, they found that the biggest drop in blood pressure was at what amount of sodium?

1,500mg

32

What are some other outcomes when following a DASH program?

TC?
LDL?
HDL?

Lowers TC, LDL, and HDL.

However, the net effect is still a decreased risk of CVD.

33

What three minerals are associated with lower BP? What are their quantities?

Potassium -> 4,700mg
Magnesium -> 500 mg
Calcium -> 1,240

34

How much sodium should you aim for daily? How much potassium?

Sodium -> 1,500 mg
Potassium -> 2,700 mg

35

What does the dash diet have more of compared to a USDA eating pattern?

It may have more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

36

What are some ways to reducing sodium in a product?

Use herbs and spices in place of salt
Taste before salting
Add little or no salt at the table
Read labels
Select low-sodium or salt-free products