Exam #2: Education Opportunities and Health Care System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam #2: Education Opportunities and Health Care System Deck (37):
1

Diploma Programs

1st type of nursing school in US
Typically 3yrs or less
Receive a diploma, not an academic degree
Declining interest in diploma programs

2

Associate degree programs

2 year degree
Developed in 1952 by Mildred Montag
Found in Jr. and community colleges
2 years to reach RN degree

3

Concerns with associate degree program

practice not yet differentiated
AD nurses placed in inappropriate roles (management)
may need additional orientation

4

Baccalaureate degree programs

broad scope of education
broad scope of nursing education
increased socialization
ANA: BSN is minimum preparation for professional nursing practice
4 year degree at college or university
accelerated option for 2nd degree students

5

When and where was the 1st baccalaureate degree program established?

1909 at University of Minnesota

6

Masters degree

average length 2 years
advanced practice (APN):
--clinical nurse specialist
--nurse practitioner
--nurse anesthetist
midwifery
research focused
thesis or cumulative project required

7

Doctoral degree

PhD: most prestigious, expected to expand theory and create new nursing knowledge through research
DNP: clinical doctorate, focused on APN (CNS, NP, CNM, CRNA) or leadership with translational research

8

When was the first doctoral degree program established? Where?

Columbia University in 1924

EdD (educational doctorate)

9

Accreditation of Nursing Programs

ensures quality of program
approval from state board
accreditation:
--NLNAC
--CCNE

10

What's the purpose of continuing education?

keep abreast of changes in nursing
acquire new knowledge or skills
renew knowledge or skills
modify attitudes and understanding

11

What is continuing education (CE)?

ongoing learning required to effectively deliver quality healthcare

12

What are potential sources of CE?

formal courses
short-term courses
conferences and seminars
journal articles
internet

13

How many states require CEU's for RN/LPN relicensure? Does Missouri?

26 states

No, MO doesn't

*Most states have CEU requirements for APN licensure

14

Practical (Vocational) Nursing [aka LPN]

12-18 month program
--vocational tech school, community college, trade school
Emphasis: direct patient care, little theory
LNP practice has been expanded due to nursing shortage
--some roles beyond scope of intended practice [charge nurse, unsupervised direct care]

15

Give examples of ambulatory care

physical office
nurse private practice
community health centers
birthing centers
hospice

16

Health care team

200 health occupations
14.3 million healthcare workers
10% of total work force

17

Chiropractors

treat structure and neuro problems
4 years of study

18

Lab

analysis of blood, tissues, or fluids
medical techs: 4 year education
certified lab tech: 2 year education
Phlebotomist: draw blood, typically doesn't require formal education

19

Dentistry

treat oral diseases and disorders
3-4 years plus undergrad degree

20

Nutrition

4 year degree
select diets, counseling, management

21

Health services management

health admin
financial manager
information systems
materials management
human resources (HR)

22

Medical records

4 year degree (registered record admin)

23

Medicine

doctor of medicine (MD)
Doctor of Osteopathy (DO)

24

Physician Assistant

education ranges from certificate to master's degree
under direct supervision of physician

25

Emergency Medical Care

emergency medical tech: 110 hour course
paramedic: 600-1000 hour program or 2 year degree

26

Nursing support

surgical techs
unlicensed assistant personnel

27

Pharmacy

6-8 year degree

28

Podiatry

6-8 year education

29

Psychology

master's or doctoral degree (PhD)
may or may not have prescriptive privileges

30

Psychiatrist

physician

31

Radiology

people who interpret radiographic studies

32

Rehab Services

OT: 6 year degree program
PT: doctorate
Prosthetist: artificial limbs
Orthotists: braces
Recreation therapists

33

Resp. therapist

4 year degree

34

Social work

master's degree most common

35

Speech

Speech-Language pathologist: treat speech and language disorders
Audiologist: treat hearing disorders

36

Vision

Ophthalmologist: eye diseases, corrective lens, eye surgery
Optometrist: 7 year education, treats eye disorders w/ corrective lens and exercise
Optician: makes corrective lens, 2 year degree or on the job training

37

Child life specialist

4 year degree
master's available
prepare kids for medical test and procedures