Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

Nursing 2000H > Exam 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (47):
1

Florence Nightingale

--"founder of modern nursing"
--"lady with the lamp"
--believed nursing should be in charge of nursing
--thought to be the first nurse researcher

2

What did Florence Nightingale do in 1853, 1854, and 1860?

--1853: became superintendent of charity hospital
--1854: took nurses to assist military hospital in Crimean War in Turkey
--1860: established training school for nurses

3

Famous nurse in Pre-Civil War?

Dorothea Dix

4

Dorothea Dix

--improved care for mentally ill
--helped develop State Hospital in Fulton

5

Famous nurses in Civil War?

--Dorothea Dix
--Clara Barton (founded Red Cross)
--Harriet Tubman (cared for Union Soldiers)

6

Linda Richards

"America's first trained nurse"

7

Mary Mahoney

"America's first trained black nurse"

8

What 3 nursing schools were initiated in 1873?

--Bellevue Training School
--Connecticut Training School
--Boston Training School

9

In 1891, what was the first training school for black nurses?

Provident Hospital in Chicago

10

Lillian Wald

(early 1900's)
--increased public health care
--established school nursing (1902)

11

Margaret Sanger

(pre-WWI)
--opened first birth control education clinic in America

12

During which war was the Army Nursing School created?

WWI

13

In what period was the role of nurse anesthetists developed?

pre-WWI

14

Mary Breckinridge

(Frontier Nursing)
--lowered maternal mortality rate
--frontier nursing still exists today
--prenatal care

15

During which war did female nurses receive full commissioned status in the military?

WWII

16

In what period did the concept of "team nursing" evolve?

post WWII

17

In what period is there a nursing shortage and increased outpatient treatments?

Current history

18

How many nurses are in the U.S. today?

3.1 million

19

Public image of nursing (4 things)?

--trustworthy
--positive
--active
--kind

20

Strategies for improving the image of nursing (3)?

--be visible at work and in profession
--be educated (lifelong learning)
--be active (community service, politics)

21

When did the AMA recommend nurses should be trained and instructed?

1869

22

When did the New England Hospital for Women and Children initiate a primitive program?

1872

23

When was the American Society of Superintendents of Training Schools for nursing established (NLN)?

1893

24

When was the ANA established?

1896

25

When was legislation passed to register nurses?

1903

26

When was the American Journal of Nursing established?

1900

27

When were the Army & Navy Nurse Corps established?

1901: Army Nurse Corps
1908: Navy Nurse Corps

28

When was the National Organization for Public Health Nursing established?

1912

29

When did the NLN start accrediting nursing schools?

1950

30

When were Associate Degree programs initiated?

1952

31

When was Nursing Research (journal) established?

1952

32

When did the ANA publish the Position Paper on Education for Nursing?

1965

33

Parker Memorial Hospital (MU) was established when?

1901

34

When did MU start the BSN curriculum?

1940

35

When did the MU nursing school become a separate division?

1975

36

When did the school name change to the Sinclair School of Nursing?

1994

37

Flexner's Criteria?

10 classic criteria used as a standard to identify characteristics of a profession?

38

3 exceptions nursing doesn't meet (from Flexner's Criteria)?

--not all education from higher education
--nursing not totally autonomous
--entry into practice unclear

39

ANA (1965): the three C's?

Care
Cure
Coordination

40

The 4 Nursing Goals?

Promote Health
Prevent Illness
Restore Health
Facilitate Coping

41

Staff Nursing degrees?

diploma
ADN
BSN

42

Advanced Practice Nurses (APN)?

Clinical nurse specialist
Nurse practitioner
Certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA)
Certified nurse midwives

43

3 methods of note taking?

outlining
Cornell
mind-mapping

44

What 2 answers should you choose on a multiple choice exam if guessing?

B or C

45

Some symptoms of test anxiety?

tense muscles
headaches
upset stomach
sweaty palms
fast heart rate
shortness of breath

46

Overcoming test anxiety?

prepare early
adequate sleep
relaxation exercises

47

Stress management?

learn to relax
deep breathing
laughter
visualization
positive affirmations
healthy habits
communicate with friends and family