Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (16)
Indirect Thought Process View
Goals influence performance indirectly by affecting psychological factors, such as anxiety, confidence and satisfaction.
Direct Mechanistic Explanation
Goals direct attention to the importnat elements of the skill, mobilize performers' efforts, prolong performers' persistence and foster the development of new learning strategies.
Goals Influence Psychological States
Athletes who set performance (rather than outcome) goals have less anxiety and more confidence and satisfaction.
General statements of intent such as having fun or doing your best.
Attaining a specific standard of proficiency on a task, usually in a specified time.
Focus on a competitive result of an event (beating someone at something).
Focus on achieving standards of performance of objective independently of other competitors - usually making comparisons with one's own previous performance.
Focus on the actions an individual must engage in during performance to execute or perform well.
Three Phase Process - Rehabilitation and Recovery
1. Injury or Illness Phase
2. Rehabilitation and Recovery Phase.
3. Return to Full Activity Phase
Injury or Illness Phase
Focus on helping the athlete understand the injury.
Rehabilitation and Recovery Phase
Attention should be helping sustain motivation and adherence to rehabilitation protocols through goal setting and maintaining a positive attitude.
Return to Full Activity Phase
Although physically cleared, complete recovery doesn't happen until normal competitive functioning occurs.
Specific - goals should indicate precisely what needs to be done.
Measurable - goals should be quantified.
Action Oriented - goals to indicate something that needs to be done.
Realistic - goals should be achievable given various constraints.
Timely - goals should be achievable in a reasonable time.
Self-Determined - Goals should be set by or have input from the participant.
Evaluate - goals should be evaluated periodically to monitor progress.
Reward - progress toward goal, and upon achievement of goal, should be rewarded.
Signs of Poor Adjustment to Athletic Injury
Feelings of Anger and Confusion
Obsession with RTP
Come back to soon and re-injury
Exaggerated bragging about accomplishments
Dwelling on minor physical complaints
Guilt about letting the team down
Withdrawal from significant others
Stating recovery will not occur
Rapid mood swings