Exam III-SomatoSensory Receptors Flashcards Preview

Neuroscience > Exam III-SomatoSensory Receptors > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam III-SomatoSensory Receptors Deck (21):
1

What are the receptors for Smell, Taste, and pH?

ChemoReceptors

2

What are the receptors for Light?

PhotoReceptors

3

What are the receptors for Temperature?

Thermoreceptors

4

What are the receptors for Pain?

Nocieptors

5

What are the receptors for touch, muscle length/force, auditory, and vestibular

MechanoReceptors

6

What is the translation of energy from external stimuli to an electrochemical signal?

Receptor Potential

7

What are the two structural types of receptors?

Encapsulated- surrounded by multiple layers of epithelial tissue and Non encapsulated

8

What are the two categories of adaptation?

Slow and fast

9

What are the TWO cell types that are NOT alpha-Beta innervated? What are their innervations?

Free Nerve Endings (alpha-Delta & C Fibers) and Hair Receptors (alpha-Delta)

10

What is the only receptor found on just hairy skin?

Hair Receptor!

11

What is the only receptor found on just glabrous skin?

Meissner's Corpuscle

12

What are the only two purely slow receptors?

Merkel's & Ruffini

13

What is the only rapid AND slow receptor?

Free Nerve ending

14

What are the three encapsulated receptor endings?

Meissener's, Pacininan, and Ruffini

15

What is the process that helps localize a touch stimulus?

Lateral Inhibition

16

What type of receptor has Free nerve endings, Riffini's, Paciniform corpuscles, and ligament receptors?

Joint Receptors

17

What are the two types of fibers involved with the muscle spindle? What are their innervations?

Nuclear Bag (Ia), and nuclear chain(II)

18

Ia VS II: Which is the dynamic response? Which is the slow and steady?

Ia: dynamic II: slow and steady

19

What type of motor innervation fibers at in intrafusal muscles?

gamma motor neurons

20

What type of sensory neuron is found in the aponeurosis of a muscle?

Golgi Tendon Organ

21

What is a monosynaptic reflex loop? How is it tested by the doctor?

Deep tendon reflex.. tested by the ole hammer to the knee